Railroad Rails from Bainitic Steel
- 23 Downloads
The properties of railroad rails produced from bainitic steels are compared to those from traditional pearlitic steels. Formation and propagation of contact fatigue cracks in the rails is considered. It is shown that bainitic steels exhibit a better combination of strength and ductility characteristics than pearlitic steels.
Key wordscontact fatigue cracks rate of crack propagation wear contact fatigue resistance
- 1.M. Georgiev, Crack Resistance of Railway Rails [in Russian], Master-flag, Kemerovo (2006), 212 p.Google Scholar
- 2.V. V. Pavlov, M. V. Temlyantsev, L. V. Korneva, and A. Yu. Sosyukin, Advanced Processes of Heat and Thermomechanical Treatment in the Production of Rails [in Russian], Teplotekhnik (2007), 279 p.Google Scholar
- 3.Rail Defects. Classification, Catalogue and Parameters of Defective and Highly Defective Rails. Instruction [in Russian], adopted by OAO “RZhD” 23.10.2014.Google Scholar
- 4.M. L. Bernshtein and A. G. Rakhshtadt (eds.), Metal Science and Heat Treatment of Steel, Vol. III: Heat Treatment of Metal Products [in Russian], Metallurgiya, Moscow (1983), 216 p.Google Scholar
- 5.E. Magel, P. Sroba, K. Sawley, and J. Kalousek, “Control of rolling contact fatigue of rails,” in: Proc. AREMA 2004 Annual Conf., Spt. 19 – 22, 2004, Nashville, Tennessee.Google Scholar
- 6.M. Vidaud and W. Zwanenburg, “Current situation on rolling contact fatigue—a rail wear phenomenon,” Conf. Paper STRC (2009).Google Scholar
- 7.A. E. Chard, Deformation of Inclusions in Rail Steel Due to Rolling Contact, M. Res. Thesis, University of Birmingham (2012).Google Scholar
- 8.V. V. Polyakov and A. V. Velikanov, Fundamentals of the Production of Railway Rails [in Russian], Metallurgiya, Moscow (1990), p. 416.Google Scholar
- 10.H. A. Aglan and M. Fateh, “Microstructure-fatigue crack propagation kinetics relationships of rail steels,” J. Civil Eng. Architect., 4(9) (Ser. No. 34), ISSN 1934-7359, USA.Google Scholar
- 11.H. A. Aglan, “Fatigue crack growth and fracture behavior of bainitic rail steels,” in: Tech. Report DTFR53-02-G-00021 (2011).Google Scholar
- 13.M. Fateh, “Fracture and fatigue damage tolerance of bainitic and pearlitic rail steels,” in: U.S. Dept. of Transportation, Federal Road Administration, Research Results, Issue No. RR06-02, Feb. 2006, 4 p. (https://www.fra.dot.gov/Elib/Document/2136).
- 14.“Steels for rails of high-speed lines,” Zhelez. Dor. Mira, No. 8, 67 – 70 (2000).Google Scholar
- 16.G. Girsch and R. Heyder, “Advanced pearlitic and bainitic high strength rails promise to improve rolling contact fatigue resistance,” in: Proc. 7th World Cong. on Railway Research (WCRR2006), Montreal, Canada, June 4 – 8, 2006 (https://uic.org/cdrom/2006/wcrr2006/pdf/712.pdf).
- 17.G. Girsch, N. Frank, P. Pointer, and R. Stock, “Life cycle cost considerations on high strength rail steels,” in: Proc. 8th World Cong. on Railway Research (WCRR2008), Seoul, Korea, May 18 – 22, 2008 (https://uic.org/cdrom/2008/11_wcrr2008/pdf/I.184.108.40.206.pdf).
- 18.N. Frank, “Developing maintenance free rails,” Int. Railway J., 28 Nov. (2012).Google Scholar
- 19.R. Stock and A. Jörg, “Towards a maintenance free trail,” in: Wheel Rail Interaction Conf. WRI 2013, Heavy Haul Seminar, 8 – 9 May, 2013, Chicago (https://www.wheel-rail-seminars.com/us/downloads.php).