Mobile Networks and Applications

, Volume 23, Issue 4, pp 1082–1088 | Cite as

Fine-Grained Big Traffic Data Reverse-charge System: A Method of Saving Expenses

  • Xin Su
  • Leilei Meng
  • Ziyu Wang
  • Chunsai Du
  • Chang Choi


The number of mobile users and the volume of big traffic data generated by user terminals are dramatically increased with diverse applications. Development in different economic and social sectors not only require higher network speed but also need low-cost on information exchanges. The market needs a complete set of solutions, which can provide a comprehensive management system for the operation and billing of a fine-grained data traffic system. This study addresses issues related to big traffic data reverse-charge for customers, which is a new type of consumption model that enables customers to save money with the cooperation of operators and online enterprises. We apply virtual private networking to identify apps, so as to help operators easily calculate the big traffic data of each app and reverse the related charges from the consumer to the relevant online enterprise. Online enterprises are willing to pay the expenses of some of their apps to enhance the user experience of customers exploring wireless services. To prove the popularity of our proposed system, we have experimentally employed the proposed reverse charge system, and participants’ responses to questionnaires indicate a win−win situation for customers as well as online enterprises. We hope that the proposed system will be implemented in practice, subject to customers, online enterprises, and operators agreeing to upgrade conventional charging infrastructures.


VPN Big traffic data Android IOS 



This research was funded by the Natural Science Foundation of Jiangsu Province under Grant BK20160287. This research was also funded by Basic Science Research Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea(NRF) funded by the Ministry of Education (No. 2017R1A6A1A03015496) and by the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) grant funded by the Korea government(Ministry of Science and ICT) (No. 2017R1E1A1A01077913).

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interests

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Xin Su
    • 1
  • Leilei Meng
    • 1
  • Ziyu Wang
    • 2
  • Chunsai Du
    • 3
  • Chang Choi
    • 4
    • 5
  1. 1.College of IOT Engineering, Changzhou Key Laboratory of Robotics and Intelligent TechnologyHohai UniversityChangzhouChina
  2. 2.Ivtime Information Technology Co., Ltd.NanjingChina
  3. 3.College of Automation, Nanjing Key Laboratory of Automatic Measurement TechnologySoutheast UniversityNanjingChina
  4. 4.Department of Computer EngineeringChosun UniversityGwangjuSouth Korea
  5. 5.IT Research InstituteChosun UniversityGwangjuSouth Korea

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