Mobile Networks and Applications

, Volume 24, Issue 2, pp 678–687 | Cite as

Energy Efficiency in Cooperative Wireless Sensor Networks

  • Sandra SendraEmail author
  • Jaime Lloret
  • Raquel Lacuesta
  • Jose Miguel Jimenez


The transport of sensitive products is very important because their deterioration may cause the value lost and even the product rejection by the buyer. In addition, it is important to choose the optimal way to achieve this end. In a data network, the task of calculating the best routes is performed by routers. We can consider the optimal path as the one that provides a shortest route. However, if a real transport network is considered the shortest path can sometimes be affected by incidents and traffic jams that would make it inadvisable. On the other hand, when we need to come back, due to features that symmetry provides, it would be interesting to follow the same path in reverse sense. For this reason, in this paper we present a symmetric routing mechanism for cooperative monitoring system for the delivery of fresh products. The systems is based on a combination of fixed nodes and a mobile node that stores the path followed to be able of coming back following the same route in reverse sense. If this path is no longer available, the system will try to maintain the symmetry principle searching the route that provide the shortest time to the used in the initial trip. The paper shows the algorithm used by the systems to calculate the symmetric routes. Finally, the system is tested in a real scenario which combines different kind of roads. As the results shows, the energy consumption of this kind of nodes is highly influenced by the activity of sensors.


Energy efficiency Symmetric routing Cooperative monitoring Wireless sensor networks (WSN) Delivery Fresh products 



This work has been supported by the “Ministerio de Economía y Competitividad”, through the “Convocatoria 2014. Proyectos I+D -Programa Estatal de Investigación Científica y Técnica de Excelencia” in the “Subprograma Estatal de Generación de Conocimiento”, (project TIN2014-57991-C3-1- P) and the “programa para la Formación de Personal Investigador – (FPI-2015-S2-884)” by the “Universitat Politècnica de València”.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Signal Theory, Telematics and Communications DepartmentUniversidad de GranadaGranadaSpain
  2. 2.Universidad Politécnica de ValenciaValenciaSpain
  3. 3.Escuela Politécnica Superior de TeruelUniversidad de ZaragozaTeruelSpain

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