Brucellosis is the most common bacterial zoonotic infection. This pathogen may survive and sustain in host. The aim of this study is to define relationship between long noncoding (lnc) RNA-IFNG-AS1 and interferon gamma (IFN-γ) in different groups of patients with brucellosis compared to control group. In this study, associations of lncRNA IFNG-AS1 expression with secretion of IFN-γ level in Sixty patients with brucellosis, which were divided into 3 groups (acute, chronic and relapse groups), as a case group were compared with 20 subjects with negative serological tests and brucellosis clinical manifestation as a control group. In this regard, RNA were extracted from isolated peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs). LncRNA IFNG-AS1, T-box transcription factor (T-bet) and IFN-γ expressions were detected using quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR). Serum level IFN-γ was assessed using enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The results showed that expression level of LncRNA IFNG-AS1, T-bet and IFN-γ increased significantly in all patient groups in compared to healthy subjects (P < 0.0001, P < 0.01, P < 0.001). However, there was no significant difference in T-bet expression between chronic and healthy groups (P = 0.98). Additionally, further analysis revealed that the serum level of IFN-γ in acute and relapsed groups were higher than control group (P < 0.0001, P < 0.001). The effective role of IFNG-AS1 in many protective actions, including enhancing the expression of INF-γ in the immune response of brucellosis patients, revealed new potential marker, LncRNA IFNG-AS1 in screening, diagnosis or treatment of brucellosis.
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We would like to thank our colleagues in Clinical Microbiology Research Center, Ilam University of Medical Sciences for their encouragement, Prof. Nourkhoda Sadeghifard and Mrs Ali Hematian.
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest to the publication of this article.
This study was proved by Ilam University of Medical Sciences (No. IR_MEDILAM.REC.1397.064). All participants received questionnaire and written informed consent in accordance with ethical committee requirements.
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