The effect of GPx-1 rs1050450 and MnSOD rs4880 polymorphisms on PE susceptibility: a case- control study
Preeclampsia (PE) is a serious pregnancy complication whose etiology is not fully understood. However, previous reports have suggested that oxidative stress and genetic variants may contribute to the development of PE. This study aimed to examine the relationship between the Glutathione peroxidase-1(GPx-1) and Manganese Superoxide dismutase (MnSOD) polymorphisms and preeclampsia (PE) risk in Iranian women. Genotyping of the studied women, including 179 preeclamptic cases and 202 controls, for GPx-1 rs1050450 and MnSOD rs4880 polymorphisms was conducted using polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR–RFLP) method. Our results showed a 1.7- to 1.6-fold increased risk of PE in the rs1050450 CT and CT + TT (dominant model) genotypes compared to CC genotype (OR = 1.7, 95%CI 1.1–2.7; P = 0.01 and OR = 1.6, 95%CI 1.1–2.4; P = 0.02; respectively). We also found a marked correlation between TC and CC genotypes of MnSOD rs4880 polymorphism and a 1.9- to 2.3-fold increase risk of PE (OR = 1.9, 95%CI 1.2–2.9; P = 0.005 and OR = 2.3, 95%CI 1–5.1; P = 0.04, respectively). The rs4880 MnSOD polymorphism was correlated with increased risk of PE in the allelic and dominant models (OR = 1.8, 95% CI 1.2–2.5, P = 0.002; OR = 1.9, 95%CI 1.3–3, P = 0.002, respectively). High frequency of TC/CC genotype of MnSOD rs4880 and CT genotypes of rs1050450 polymorphism in PE patients compared to controls showed the contribution of these variants to PE susceptibility.
KeywordsPreeclampsia Polymorphism MnSOD GPx1
This work is extracted from the Residency’s dissertation (Number 8214) at Zahedan University of Medical Sciences. We would like to thank all of the participants who made it possible to conduct the study.
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
The current study was approved by the ethics committee of Zahedan University of Medical Sciences.
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