Advertisement

Molecular Biology Reports

, Volume 46, Issue 5, pp 4675–4684 | Cite as

Immunological microenvironment alterations in follicles of women with proven severe endometriosis undergoing in vitro fertilization

  • Xiao-Dan MaoEmail author
  • Chen-Yu Hu
  • Meng-Chu Zhu
  • Hui-Lin Ou
  • Yu-Li Qian
Original Article
  • 113 Downloads

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that different cytokine profiles may exist in the follicular fluid of endometriosis (EM) patients undergoing in vitro fertilization (IVF), as these differences may provide insights into the pathogenesis of the disease. This was a cross-sectional study conducted at the reproductive center of a medical university hospital. The study included 49 patients receiving IVF. 20 infertile women with proven EM and 29 women without diagnosed EM (control group) were evaluated. Follicular fluid (FF) and serum were collected at the time of follicle aspiration and the concentrations of 38 cytokines were determined by multiplexed immunoassay. The results indicated that the levels of IL-4, IL-13, IL-3 and IL-1α were significantly increased in the FF of women with EM, while levels of IFN-γ, IL-17A, MDC and MIP-1α were decreased compared with in the control subjects. In conclusions, the immune microenvironment of the FF in patients with EM is altered. This may contribute to the pathologic mechanism responsible for the poor outcome of IVF in patients with EM.

Keywords

Follicular fluid Endometriosis Cytokine IVF 

Notes

Author contributions

XD Mao, CY Hu, MC Zhu and HL Ou performed immunological detection. XD Mao and HL Ou performed the statistical analysis. YL Qian and XD Mao conceived and directed the project. All authors participated in writing the manuscript.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors have no conflicts of interest to declare.

Supplementary material

11033_2019_4753_MOESM1_ESM.jpg (474 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (JPG 475 KB)
11033_2019_4753_MOESM2_ESM.xlsx (14 kb)
Supplementary material 2 (XLSX 14 KB)

References

  1. 1.
    Sampson JA (1927) Metastatic or embolic endometriosis, due to the menstrual dissemination of endometrial tissue into the venous circulation. Am J Pathol 3(2):93–110PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Du YB, Gao MZ, Shi Y, Sun ZG, Wang J (2013) Endocrine and inflammatory factors and endometriosis-associated infertility in assisted reproduction techniques. Arch Gynecol Obstet 287(1):123–130CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Da Broi MG, Jordão AA Jr, Ferriani RA, Navarro PA (2018) Oocyte oxidative DNA damage may be involved in minimal/mild endometriosis-related infertility. Mol Reprod Dev 85(2):128–136CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Garrido N, Navarro J, Garcia-Velasco J, Remoh J, Pellicer A, Simon C (2002) The endometrium versus embryonic quality in endometriosis-related infertility. Hum Reprod update 8(1):95–103CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Barnhart K, Dunsmoor-Su R, Coutifaris C (2002) Effect of endometriosis on in vitro fertilization. Fertil Steril 77(6):1148–1155CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Freis A, Dietrich JE, Binder M, Holschbach V, Strowitzki T, Germeyer A (2018) Relative morphokinetics assessed by time-lapse imaging are altered in embryos from patients with endometriosis. Reprod Sci 25(8):1279–1285CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Kasapoglu I, Kuspinar G, Saribal S, Turk P, Avcı B, Uncu G (2018) Detrimental effects of endometriosis on oocyte morphology in intracytoplasmic sperm injection cycles: a retrospective cohort study. Gynecol Endocrinol 34(3):206–211CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Sanchez AM, Vanni VS, Bartiromo L, Papaleo E, Zilberberg E, Candiani M et al (2017) Is the oocyte quality affected by endometriosis? A review of the literature. J Ovarian Res 10(1):43CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Miller JE, Ahn SH, Monsanto SP, Khalaj K, Koti M, Tayade C (2017) Implications of immune dysfunction on endometriosis associated infertility. Oncotarget 8(4):7138–7147CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Taylor RN, Lebovic DI, Mueller MD (2002) Angiogenic factors in endometriosis. Ann N Y Acad Sci 955:89–100 (discussion 118, 396–406)CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Harada T, Iwabe T, Terakawa N (2001) Role of cytokines in endometriosis. Fertil Steril 76(1):1–10CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Sikora J, Mielczarek-Palacz A, Kondera-Anasz Z (2012) Imbalance in cytokines from interleukin-1 family—role in pathogenesis of endometriosis. Am J Reprod Immunol 68(2):138–145CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Bersinger NA, von Roten S, Wunder DM, Raio L, Dreher E, Mueller MD (2006) PAPP-A and osteoprotegerin, together with interleukin-8 and RANTES, are elevated in the peritoneal fluid of women with endometriosis. Am J Obstet Gynecol 195(1):103–108CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Yoshino O, Osuga Y, Koga K, Hirota Y, Tsutsumi O, Yano T et al (2003) Concentrations of interferon-gamma-induced protein-10 (IP-10), an antiangiogenic substance, are decreased in peritoneal fluid of women with advanced endometriosis. Am J Reprod Immunol 50(1):60–65CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Da Broi MG, Giorgi VSI, Wang F, Keefe DL, Albertini D, Navarro PA (2018) Influence of follicular fluid and cumulus cells on oocyte quality: clinical implications. J Assist Reprod Genet 35(5):735–751CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Sarapik A, Velthut A, Haller-Kikkatalo K, Faure GC, Béné MC, de Carvalho Bittencourt M et al (2012) Follicular proinflammatory cytokines and chemokines as markers of IVF success. Clin Dev Immunol.  https://doi.org/10.1155/2012/606459 CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Singh AK, Dutta M, Chattopadhyay R, Chakravarty B, Chaudhury K (2016) Intrafollicular interleukin-8, interleukin-12, and adrenomedullin are the promising prognostic markers of oocyte and embryo quality in women with endometriosis. J Assist Reprod Genet 33(10):1363–1372CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Nikolettos N, Kupker W, Al-Hasani S, Demirel LC, Schöpper B, Sturm R et al (2000) ICSI outcome in patients of 40 years age and over: a retrospective analysis. Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol 91(2):177–182CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Kollmann Z, Schneider S, Fux M, Bersinger NA, von Wolff M (2017) Gonadotrophin stimulation in IVF alters the immune cell profile in follicular fluid and the cytokine concentrations in follicular fluid and serum. Hum Reprod 32(4):820–831CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Podgaec S, Abrao MS, Dias JA Jr, Rizzo LV, Oliveira RM, Baracat EC (2007) Endometriosis: an inflammatory disease with a Th2 immune response component. Hum Reprod 22(5):1373–1379CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Hsu CC, Yang BC, Wu MH, Huang KE (1997) Enhanced interleukin-4 expression in patients with endometriosis. Fertil Steril 67(6):1059–1064CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Antsiferova YS, Sotnikova NY, Posiseeva LV, Shor AL (2005) Changes in the T-helper cytokine profile and in lymphocyte activation at the systemic and local levels in women with endometriosis. Fertil Steril 84(6):1705–1711CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    OuYang Z, Hirota Y, Osuga Y, Hamasaki K, Hasegawa A, Tajima T et al (2008) Interleukin-4 stimulates proliferation of endometriotic stromal cells. Am J Pathol 173(2):463–469CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Zurawski G, de Vries JE (1994) Interleukin 13, an interleukin 4-like cytokine that acts on monocytes and B cells but not on T cells. Immunol Today 15(1):19–26CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Gallinelli A, Ciaccio I, Giannella L, Salvatori M, Marsella T, Volpe A (2003) Correlations between concentrations of interleukin-12 and interleukin-13 and lymphocyte subsets in the follicular fluid of women with and without polycystic ovary syndrome. Fertil Steril 79(6):1365–1372CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Bao K, Reinhardt RL (2015) The differential expression of IL-4 and IL-13 and its impact on type-2 immunity. Cytokine 75(1):25–37CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Inoue Y, Konieczny BT, Wagener ME, McKenzie AN, Lakkis FG (2001) Failure to induce neonatal tolerance in mice that lack both IL-4 and IL-13 but not in those that lack IL-4 alone. J Immunol 167(2):1125–1128CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Chegini N, Roberts M, Ripps B (2003) Differential expression of interleukins (IL)-13 and IL-15 in ectopic and eutopic endometrium of women with endometriosis and normal fertile women. Am J Reprod Immunol 49(2):75–83CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Wang XM, Ma ZY, Song N (2018) Inflammatory cytokines IL-6, IL-10, IL-13, TNF-α and peritoneal fluid flora were associated with infertility in patients with endometriosis. Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci 22(9):2513–2518PubMedGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Kasson BG, Gorospe WC (1989) Effects of interleukins 1, 2 and 3 on follicle-stimulating hormone-induced differentiation of rat granulosa cells. Mol Cell Endocrinol 62(1):103–111CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Wu MY, Ho HN (2003) The role of cytokines in endometriosis. Am J Reprod Immunol 49(5):285–296CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Ahn SH, Edwards AK, Singh SS, Young SL, Lessey BA, Tayade C (2015) IL-17A contributes to the pathogenesis of endometriosis by triggering proinflammatory cytokines and angiogenic growth factors. J Immunol 195(6):2591–2600CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Gogacz M, Winkler I, Bojarska-Junak A, Tabarkiewicz J, Semczuk A, Rechberger T et al (2016) Increased percentage of Th17 cells in peritoneal fluid is associated with severity of endometriosis. J Reprod Immunol 117:39–44CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Harrington LE, Mangan PR, Weaver CT (2006) Expanding the effector CD4 T-cell repertoire: the Th17 lineage. Curr Opin Immunol 18(3):349–356CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    Machelon V, Nome F, Durand-Gasselin I, Emilie D (1995) Macrophage and granulosa interleukin-1 beta mRNA in human ovulatory follicles. Hum Reprod 10(8):2198–2203CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    Jasper M, Norman RJ (1995) Immunoactive interleukin-1 beta and tumour necrosis factor-alpha in thecal, stromal and granulosa cell cultures from normal and polycystic ovaries. Hum Reprod 10(6):1352–1354CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    Gérard N, Caillaud M, Martoriati A, Goudet G, Lalmanach AC (2004) The interleukin-1 system and female reproduction. J Endocrinol 180(2):203–212CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    Zollner KP, Hofmann T, Zollner U (2013) Good fertilization results associated with high IL-1beta concentrations in follicular fluid of IVF patients. J Reprod Med 58(11–12):485–490PubMedGoogle Scholar
  39. 39.
    Dang X, Zhu Q, He Y, Wang Y, Lu Y, Li X et al (2017) IL-1β Upregulates StAR and progesterone production through the ERK1/2- and p38-mediated CREB signaling pathways in human granulosa-lutein cells. Endocrinology 158(10):3281–3291CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    Field SL, Dasgupta T, Cummings M, Orsi NM (2014) Cytokines in ovarian folliculogenesis, oocyte maturation and luteinisation. Mol Reprod Dev 81(4):284–314CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  41. 41.
    Uri-Belapolsky S, Miller I, Shaish A, Levi M, Harats D, Ninio-Many L et al (2017) Interleukin 1-alpha deficiency increases the expression of follicle-stimulating hormone receptors in granulosa cells. Mol Reprod Dev 84(6):460–467CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  42. 42.
    Uri-Belapolsky S, Shaish A, Eliyahu E, Grossman H, Levi M, Chuderland D et al (2014) Interleukin-1 deficiency prolongs ovarian lifespan in mice. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 111(34):12492–12497CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  43. 43.
    Hata H (2005) Bone lesions and macrophage inflammatory protein-1 alpha (MIP-1α) in human multiple myeloma. Leuk Lymphoma 46(7):967–972CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  44. 44.
    Kawano Y, Fukuda J, Nasu K, Nishida M, Narahara H, Miyakawa I (2004) Production of macrophage inflammatory protein-3alpha in human follicular fluid and cultured granulosa cells. Fertil Steril 82(Suppl 3):1206–1211CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Reproductive Endocrinology, Women’s Hospital, School of MedicineZhejiang UniversityHangzhouChina
  2. 2.State Key Laboratory for Diagnosis and Treatment of Infectious Diseases, the First Affiliated Hospital, School of MedicineZhejiang UniversityHangzhouChina

Personalised recommendations