Molecular Biology Reports

, Volume 46, Issue 2, pp 1603–1609 | Cite as

Identification and expression of the medaka inhibin βE subunit

  • Masahiro Morita
  • Osamu HashimotoEmail author
Original Article


Activin E, a member of the TGF-β super family, is a protein dimer of mature inhibin βE subunits. Recently, it is reported that hepatic activin E may act as a hepatokine that alter whole body energy/glucose metabolism in human. However, orthologues of the activin E gene have yet to be identified in lower vertebrates, including fish. Here, we cloned the medaka (Oryzias latipes) activin E cDNA from liver. Among all the mammalian inhibin β subunits, the mature medaka activin E amino acid sequence shares the highest homology with mammalian activin E. Recombinant expression studies suggest that medaka activin E, the disulfide–bound mature form of mature inhibin βE subunits, may exert its effects in a way similar to that in mammals. Although activin E mRNA is predominantly expressed in liver in mammals, it is ubiquitously expressed in medaka tissues. Since expression in the liver was enhanced after a high fat diet, medaka activin E may be associated with energy/glucose metabolism, as shown in mice and human.


Activin cDNA cloning Energy homeostasis Disease model Inhbe Recombinant protein 



The authors thank Dr. R. Nakao for helpful discussions.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Kitasato University School of Veterinary MedicineTowada-shiJapan

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