Molecular Biology Reports

, Volume 46, Issue 1, pp 1107–1115 | Cite as

High accumulation of tilianin in in-vitro cultures of Agastache mexicana and its potential vasorelaxant action

  • Gabriela Carmona-Castro
  • Samuel Estrada-Soto
  • Jesús Arellano-García
  • Luis Arias-Duran
  • Susana Valencia-Díaz
  • Irene Perea-ArangoEmail author
Original Article


Agastache mexicana has gained importance during the last decade as a natural source of bioactive compounds, mainly due to the antidiabetic, antihyperlipidemic, and vasorelaxant effects derived from its flavonoids, particularly tilianin. The goal of this work was to evaluate the production of tilianin during the in-vitro process of morphogenesis leading to plant regeneration and to investigate the vasorelaxant activity of its methanolic extracts. The cultures were established from nodal segments and leaf explants, inoculated on Murashige and Skoog (MS) media supplemented with various concentrations of benzyl aminopurine (BAP) alone or in combination with 2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D). Callus inductions were obtained in all treatments from both types of explants, but the presence of auxin was essential. Maximal shoot multiplication and elongation was achieved with 0.1 mg/l 2,4-D and 1.0 mg/l BAP from nodal- segment explants. Shoots were rooted in 75% MS medium and the plantlets were transferred to a greenhouse with 33% average survival. Analysis of tilianin production in methanolic extracts from calli (0.15–2.01 ± 0.06 mg/g dry weight), shoots (4.45 ± 0.01 mg/g DW), and whole plants (9.77 ± 0.02 mg/g DW) derived from in-vitro cultured nodal segments reveals that tilianin accumulation is associated with high cell differentiation and morphogenetic response to the plant-growth regulators. All of the extracts showed strong vasorelaxant activity, as compared to those of wild plant extracts. These results indicate that plant-tissue cultures of A. mexicana possess vast potential as a source of tilianin and other bioactive compounds.


Callus  Flavonoid  Hyperhydricity  Nodal segments  Tilianin  Toronjil 



G. Castro-Carmona is grateful to CONACYT for a postgraduate scholarship (226330).


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Centro de Investigación en BiotecnologíaUniversidad Autónoma del Estado de MorelosCuernavacaMéxico
  2. 2.Facultad de FarmaciaUniversidad Autónoma del Estado de MorelosCuernavacaMéxico

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