Insulin-like growth factor (IGF) expression plays a critical role in the endocrine regulation of proliferation, differentiation, and growth in shellfish as well as in fish. The Pacific oyster, Crassostrea gigas, is a significant aquaculture species that comprises a large percentage of the Korean shellfish industry; moreover, its growth is economically important in aquaculture. However, when measuring the growth rate in shellfish, the soft tissue weight is difficult to determine because of the shell weight. In the present study, we describe an indirect method of measuring the growth rate using multiplex polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and analyzing levels of molluscan insulin-related peptide (MIP), the acid labile subunit of the IGF-binding protein complex (IGFBP ALS), and insulin-related peptide receptor (CIR) in Pacific oysters. The predicted sizes of amplicons were 776, 537, 380, and 198 bp, and the detection limit of the annealing temperatures was confirmed to be 65 °C. The annual expression of MIP and IGFBP ALS in tissues reached high levels in the winter following the condition index (CI). MIP and IGFBP ALS in male gonads and CIR in female gonads were related to the CI. This newly improved multiplex PCR provides an indirect measure of the growth rate; thus, it can be used to rapidly assess the growth rate. In addition, this method can supplement traditional growth data from oyster farms.
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This work was supported by Pukyong National University Research Fund in 2016 (CD 20170051).
YHC conceptualized and acquired funding for this study. JSM carried out the experiments and wrote draft manuscript. YHC revised the manuscript.
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that there are no conflicts of interests.
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