Molecular Biology Reports

, Volume 46, Issue 1, pp 1447–1457 | Cite as

Regulation mechanism of microRNA in plant response to abiotic stress and breeding

  • Xi Sun
  • Lin Lin
  • Na SuiEmail author


microRNAs (miRNAs) in plants are a class of small RNAs consisting of approximately 21–24 nucleotides. The mature miRNA binds to the target mRNA through the formation of a miRNA-induced silencing complex (MIRISC), and cleaves or inhibits translation, thereby achieving negative regulation of the target gene. Based on miRNA plays an important role in regulating plant gene expression, studies on the prediction, identification, function and evolution of plant miRNAs have been carried out. In addition, many researches prove that miRNAs are also involved in many kinds of abiotic and biotic stress, under abiotic stress, plants can express some miRNA, and act on stress-related target genes, which can make plants adapt to stress in physiological response. In this review, the synthetic pathway and mechanism of plant miRNA are briefly described, and we discuss the biological functions and regulatory mechanisms of miRNAs responding to abiotic stresses including low temperature, salt, drought stress and breeding to lay the foundation for further exploring the mechanism of action of miRNAs in stress resistance of plant. And analyze its utilization prospects in plant stress resistance research.


microRNA Function Plant Abiotic stress 



We are grateful for financial support from Shandong Provincial Natural Science Foundation (ZR2016JL028), Major Program of Shandong Provincial Natural Science Foundation (2017C03), Shandong Provincial Natural Science Foundation (ZR2015EM007).

Author contributions

XS wrote the manuscript. NS and LL modified the article. All authors read and approved the final manuscript.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Shandong Provincial Key Laboratory of Plant Stress, College of Life SciencesShandong Normal UniversityJinanPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.Water Research Institute of Shandong ProvinceJinanPeople’s Republic of China

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