Individual differences in negative affect repair style

  • Scott H. HemenoverEmail author
  • Colin R. Harbke
Original Paper


Two studies (ns = 422, 263) examined individual differences in repair styles, in which strategies habitually used to repair negative affect depend on shared underlying features. Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses revealed two repair styles organized around the use of adaptive, engagement strategies (adaptive engagement style) or maladaptive, avoidance strategies (maladaptive avoidance style). This two-factor structure fit the data better than several theoretically derived models; both repair styles were highly stable across 3 months and associated with personality, emotional intelligence, state and trait repair efforts, and adaptation. Findings add to the extant affect regulation literature and suggest directions for future research.


Affect regulation Repair style Adaptation Hierarchical factor analysis 


Supplementary material

11031_2019_9752_MOESM1_ESM.docx (135 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 135 KB)


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PsychologyWestern Illinois UniversityMacombUSA
  2. 2.Western Illinois UniversityMacombUSA

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