Aroyl and acyl cyanides as orthogonal protecting groups or as building blocks for the synthesis of heterocycles

  • Kamal Usef SadekEmail author
  • Ramadan Ahmed Mekheimer
  • Mohamed Abd-Elmonem
  • Mohamed Hilmy Elnagdi
Short Review


α-Cyanoketones represent a synthetically attractive scaffold possessing bifunctional reactivity which enabled synthesis of a diversity of products. This involves reaction of nucleophiles with electrophilic carbonyl carbon performing an efficient and regioselective way to acylation reaction, cycloaddition of activated cyano function with dipolarophiles, metal-catalyzed cross-dehydrogenative coupling carbocyanation across C–C multiple bonds as well as hydrocyanation. This review provides the recent developments in the chemistry of α-cyanoketones which will be beneficial for researchers and scientists in such field.

Graphical abstract


α-Cyanoketones Cycloaddition reaction Regioselective acylation CDC carbocyanation Carbocyanation 



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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Chemistry Department, Faculty of ScienceMinia UniversityMiniaEgypt
  2. 2.Chemistry Department, Faculty of ScienceCairo UniversityGizaEgypt

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