In search of the representative pharmacophore hypotheses of the enzymatic proteome of Plasmodium falciparum: a multicomplex-based approach
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Drug resistance has made malaria an untreatable disease and therefore intensified the need for the development of new drugs and the identification of potential drug targets. In this pursuit, in silico efforts made in the past have not shown significant responses. Therefore, in the present work, the multicomplex-based pharmacophore modeling approach was employed to construct the pharmacophores of the 16 selected Plasmodium falciparum (Pf) targets. All the constructed hypotheses (153) were screened against a focused dataset made up of experimental actives of the chosen targets (3705 inhibitors). The rationale was to check the affinity of the inhibitors for the off-targets. Subsequently, the constructed hypotheses from each target were pooled based on the feature types and the pooled-hypotheses were then clustered to offer an insight about the pharmacophore similarity. Tanimoto similarity index was also calculated to look for the similarity among the inhibitors belonging to different Pf targets. Overall, the work was accomplished to bid healthier perceptive of the pharmacophore-based virtual screening and abet in providing guiding principles for the construction of stringent pharmacophores that can be employed for the screening.
KeywordsMulticomplex-based pharmacophore Enzymatic proteome Clustering Tanimoto similarity Virtual screening
Anu Manhas and PCJ acknowledge Science and Engineering Research Board (SERB), Department of Science and Technology (DST) for project grant through grant number EMR/2016/003025. MY Lone acknowledges the University Grants Commission (UGC), Govt. of India for the financial assistance.
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declared no competing interest.
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