Molecular topology and QSAR multi-target analysis to boost the in silico research for fungicides in agricultural chemistry
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The aim of the present study is to show how molecular topology can be a powerful in silico tool for the prediction of the fungicidal activity of several diphenylamine derivatives against three fungal species (cucumber downy mildew, rice blast and cucumber gray mold). A multi-target QSAR model was developed, and two strategies were followed. First is the construction of a virtual library of molecules using DesMol2 program and a subsequent selection of potential active ones. Second is the selection of molecules from the literature on the basis of molecular scaffolds. More than 700 diphenylamine derivatives designed and other 60 fluazinam’s derivatives with structural similarity higher than 80% were studied. Almost twenty percent of the molecules analyzed show potential activity against the three fungal species.
KeywordsQSAR Molecular topology Drug design Agro-chemistry Fungicides
Authors acknowledge the MINECO (Spanish Ministry of Economy, Industry and Competitivity) Project: “Desarrollo de nuevas herramientas para el control de oidios” (AGL2016-76216-C2-2-R). I.GP acknowledges the MECD (Spanish Ministry of Education, Culture and Sport) Program: “University teacher formation,” to carry out this study.
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