Metabolic Brain Disease

, Volume 34, Issue 5, pp 1355–1363 | Cite as

Intrahippocampal miR-342-3p inhibition reduces β-amyloid plaques and ameliorates learning and memory in Alzheimer’s disease

  • Yin Fu
  • Xiaoyang Hu
  • Chunyu Zheng
  • Guicai Sun
  • Jianyu Xu
  • Shanshan Luo
  • Peigang CaoEmail author
Original Article


Accumulation of extracellular amyloid-β (Aβ) in hippocampal subregions is a hallmark of Alzheimer’s disease (AD), which promotes neuronal apoptosis, potentiates cognitive decline and play a causative role in AD pathogenesis. However, whether this process is controlled by distinct miRNAs at the posttranscriptional level remain fascinating but poorly understood. Using post mortem hippocampal samples from human AD patients and 3xTg-AD mouse, we demonstrate that miR-342-3p expression was significantly induced during the AD development. With the aid of intrahippocampal injection of miR-342-3p antagomir, we further show that in vivo miR-342-3p inhibition synergistically improved cognitive deficits in 3xTg-AD mice. The hippocampal Aβ-plaque burden in 3xTg-AD mice, as revealed by immunohistochemical analysis with 4G8 antibody, was attenuated also. Mechanistically, the upregulation of neuronal miR-342-3p is linked to an increase in the activation of the stress kinase c-Jun N-terminal kinase with the subsequent death of the neurons in Aβ-challenged HT22 hippocampal neuronal cells. These findings support the model that derangement of hippocampus signal transduction and subsequent neuronal apoptosis in AD arises as a consequence of increased Aβ burden and chronic activation of the JNK MAPK cascade in a miR-342-3p-dependent manner. Overall, we described for the first time the regulatory activity of miR-342-3p on relevant Aβ metabolism pathways in Alzheimer’s disease.


Alzheimer’s disease (AD) Microribonucleic acids (miRNAs) Amyloid-β Apoptosis JNK 



This research received no specific grant from any funding agency in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Supplementary material

11011_2019_438_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (336 kb)
Supplemental Table 1 (PDF 335 kb)
11011_2019_438_MOESM2_ESM.pdf (170 kb)
Supplemental Table 2 (PDF 169 kb)
11011_2019_438_MOESM3_ESM.pdf (95 kb)
Supplemental Fig. 1 Working protocols for the in vivo intrahippocampal injection study. (B) qPCR analyses of miR-342-3p expression in hippocampal tissues of 3xTg-AD mice two months after intrahippocampal injection with miR-342-3p antagomir (n = 10/group). (PDF 95 kb)
11011_2019_438_MOESM4_ESM.pdf (169 kb)
Supplemental Fig. 2 Transfection with miR-342-3p mimics or mimics-NC alone exhibits no effects on JNK activation. 48 h after transfection with miR-342-3p mimics or NC, HT22 cells were subjected to Western blot analysis of JNK, p-JNK, c-Jun and p-c-Jun expression levels. (PDF 169 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yin Fu
    • 1
  • Xiaoyang Hu
    • 2
  • Chunyu Zheng
    • 1
  • Guicai Sun
    • 3
  • Jianyu Xu
    • 4
  • Shanshan Luo
    • 5
  • Peigang Cao
    • 6
    Email author
  1. 1.Heilongjiang University of Chinese MedicineHarbinChina
  2. 2.Basic Medical College of Heilongjiang University of Chinese MedicineHeilongjiang University of Chinese MedicineHarbinChina
  3. 3.Department of OrthopaedicsThe Fourth Affiliated Hospital of Nanchang UniversityJiangxiChina
  4. 4.Department of Radiation OncologyTumor Hospital of Harbin Medical UniversityHarbinChina
  5. 5.Department of PharmacyHarbinChina
  6. 6.Department of CardiologyGeneral Hospital of Heilongjiang Agricultural Reclamation BureauHarbinChina

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