Modulation of miR-139-5p on chronic morphine-induced, naloxone-precipitated cAMP overshoot in vitro
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Chronic exposure to morphine can produce tolerance, dependence and addiction, but the underlying neurobiological basis is still incompletely understood. c-Jun, as an important component of the activator protein-1 transcription factor, is supposed to take part in regulating gene expression in AC/cAMP/PKA signaling. MicroRNA (miRNA) has emerged as a critical regulator of neuronal functions. Although a number of miRNAs have been reported to regulate the μ-opioid receptor expression, there has been no report about miRNAs to regulate chronic morphine-induced, naloxone-precipitated cAMP overshoot. Our results showed that chronic morphine pretreatment induced naloxone-precipitated cAMP overshoot in concentration- and time-dependent manners in HEK 293/μ cells. Chronic morphine pretreatment alone elevated both c-Jun protein and miR-139-5p expression levels, while dramatically artificial elevation of miR-139-5p inhibited c-Jun at the translational level. Furthermore, dramatically artificial upregulation of intracellular miR-139-5p limited chronic morphine-induced, naloxone-precipitated cAMP overshoot. These findings suggested that miR-139-5p was involved in regulating chronic morphine-induced, naloxone-precipitated cAMP overshoot in a negative feedback manner through its target c-Jun, which extends our understanding of neurobiological mechanisms underlying morphine dependence and addiction.
KeywordsmiR-139-5p cAMP overshoot c-Jun morphine dependence and addiction
This work was supported by the National Basic Research Program of China (2015CB553504), National Key R&D Program of China (2017YFC1310404) and the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Nos. 81571302 and U1502225).
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Conflict of Interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.