MicroRNA signature of human blood mononuclear cells
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MicroRNAs (miRNAs) regulate a wide range of cellular processes and functions. Blood mononuclear cells (BMNCs) participate in the immune response, inflammatory reaction and angiogenesis. In 2010, a total of 157 miRNAs were quantified by RT-qPCR and a miRNA signature was determined for human peripheral BMNCs. With the advent of technologies such as RNA sequencing, many new miRNAs have been identified. This study was designed to provide an up-to-date miRNA signature for human BMNCs. Peripheral BMNCs were isolated by Ficoll density gradient centrifugation. Using the qPCR array assay, we identified 108 highly expressed miRNAs (Ct value < 30) in human BMNCs. Further validation of the array results by quantifying select miRNAs with RT-qPCR revealed a strong correlation between Ct values derived from array analysis and RT-qPCR, suggesting the array results presented in this study are accurate and reliable. Of note, the function of the majority of the highly expressed miRNAs we have identified has not yet been studied. Our findings may help direct further studies of the regulatory roles of miRNAs in BMNC function.
KeywordsMicroRNA Blood mononuclear cell Microarray analysis RT-qPCR
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Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.