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Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry

, Volume 458, Issue 1–2, pp 71–78 | Cite as

Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation protects mice against 6-OHDA-induced Parkinson’s disease symptoms by regulating brain amyloid β1–42 level

  • Fang Ba
  • Yuxin Zhou
  • Jie Zhou
  • Xueyun ChenEmail author
Article

Abstract

Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) is a technique protecting neurons against diverse neurodegenerative disorders by delivering magnetic stimuli into the brain through the intact scalp. In the current study, the protection effect of rTMS on Parkinson’s disease (PD) and the associated mechanism driving the treatment were explored. The PD symptoms were induced using 6-OHDA in mice, and the effect of rTMS of two frequencies (1 Hz and 10 Hz) on the cognitive behaviors and neuron viability was detected. Afterwards, the level of Aβ1–42 and activity of MKK7-ERK-Fos-APP axis under the administration of rTMS were recorded as well. The intracranial injection of 6-OHDA impaired the cognitive behaviors of the mice in the test of Morris water maze as well as reducing the viability and number of neurons in PD mice. After the treatment of rTMS of both frequencies, the cognitive function of mice was improved and the neuron viability and number were restored in mice brain tissues. The administration of rTMS also increased the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) level of Aβ1–42 in PD mice, which was accompanied by the suppressed levels of p-MKK7, p-ERK1/2, p–c-Fos, and APP. Moreover, the effect of rTMS on mice nerve system was all exerted in a frequency-dependent manner. In conclusion, the findings outlined in the current study affirmed the protection effect of rTMS against PD. The anti-PD function of rTMS was associated with the suppression of MKK7-ERK-Fos-APP axis, which subsequently resulted in the increased CSF Aβ1–42 level and decreased brain Aβ1–42 level.

Keywords

1–42 APP MKK7 Parkinson’s disease Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation 

Notes

Acknowledgements

Not applicable.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors disclose no conflict of interest.

Supplementary material

11010_2019_3531_MOESM1_ESM.tif (83 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (TIFF 83 kb) Figure S1. Schematic diagram of the experiment schedule. 10-week old mice were intracranially injected with 2 μl 6-OHDA (4 μg/μl) and housed routinely for 2 weeks before rTMS treatment of 2 weeks.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of RehabilitationShengjing Hospital of China Medical UniversityShenyangPeople’s Republic of China

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