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Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry

, Volume 458, Issue 1–2, pp 11–26 | Cite as

Exosomes derived from microRNA-101-3p-overexpressing human bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells suppress oral cancer cell proliferation, invasion, and migration

  • Chun Xie
  • Lu-Yang Du
  • Fengyuan Guo
  • Xiaoshuang Li
  • Bo ChengEmail author
Article

Abstract

Dysregulation of microRNAs (miRNAs) has been found to disrupt the progression of oral cancer. However, which miRNAs are most effective against oral cancer and how these miRNAs should be delivered are major unanswered problems. We aimed at investigating if human bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (hBMSCs)-derived exosomes affect oral cancer development, and the potential regulatory mechanism associated with COL10A1 and miR-101-3p. COL10A1 was upregulated, while miR-101-3p was downregulated in oral cancer, and miR-101-3p targeted COL10A1 as verified by dual-luciferase reporter gene assay. Meanwhile, exosomes derived from hBMSCs were isolated and then co-cultured with oral cancer cells to identify the role of exosomes, and the results suggested that hBMSCs-derived exosomes overexpressing miR-101-3p inhibited oral cancer progression. Furthermore, tumorigenicity assay in nude mice further confirmed the inhibitory effects of hBMSCs-derived exosomes, loaded with miR-101-3p, on oral cancer, which provides a new theoretical basis in the treatment of oral cancer.

Keywords

Human bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells Exosomes MicroRNA-101-3p Oral cancer Collagen type X alpha 1 chain 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We would also like to thank all participants enrolled in the present study.

Author Contributions

Chun Xie, Lu-Yang Du and Fengyuan Guo designed the study. Xiaoshuang Li collated the data, designed and developed the database, carried out data analyses and produced the initial draft of the manuscript. Bo Cheng contributed to drafting the manuscript. All authors have read and approved the final submitted manuscript.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical approval

All procedures of animal experiments were also approved by the Ethics Committee of Wuhan Union Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, and were in line with the Guide for Care and Use of Laboratory Animals.

Informed consent

This study was approved by the Ethics Committee of Wuhan Union Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, and all patients provided signed informed consents.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Chun Xie
    • 1
  • Lu-Yang Du
    • 1
  • Fengyuan Guo
    • 1
  • Xiaoshuang Li
    • 1
  • Bo Cheng
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Stomatology, Wuhan Union Hospital, Tongji Medical CollegeHuazhong University of Science and TechnologyWuhanPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.Departmant of StomatologyZhongnan Hospital of Wuhan UniversityWuhanPeople’s Republic of China

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