Advertisement

Continental Philosophy Review

, Volume 52, Issue 4, pp 361–380 | Cite as

Eidetic intuition as physiognomics: rethinking Adorno’s phenomenological heritage

  • Christian Ferencz-FlatzEmail author
Article

Abstract

Adorno’s intensive criticism of phenomenology is well known, his entire early period during the 1920s and 1930s being marked by various polemical engagements with Husserl. This engagement finds its peak during his work at his second dissertation project in Oxford, a dissertation that was supposed to systematicaly expose the antinomies of phenomenological thinking while particularly focusing on Husserl’s concept of “eidetic intuition” or “intuition of essences” (Wesensschau). The present paper will take this criticism as its starting point in focusing on two highly specific aspects of Adorno’s interpretation: the opposition between eidetic intuition and the traditional theories of abstraction and its relationship to genetic phenomenology. In light of this criticism I subsequently show: 1. that, in his later work, Adorno’s understanding of eidetic intuition undergoes a significant revaluation; 2. that he reappropriates key elements of the eidetic method in his own procedure of physiognomic analysis, and 3. that his account of physiognomics is relevant for addressing the aforementioned incongruities of phenomenological eidetics itself.

Keywords

Adorno Husserl Eidetic intuition Physiognomics Genetic phenomenology 

Notes

Funding

This work was funded by CNCS-UEFISCDI (PN-III-P1-1.1-TE-2016-0307).

References

  1. Adorno, Theodor Wiesengrund. 1940. Husserl and the Problem of Idealism. The Journal of Philosophy 37(1): 5–18.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Adorno, Theodor Wiesengrund. 1984. The Essay as Form (English trans: Hullot-Kentor, B. and Will, F.). New German Critique 32: 151–171.Google Scholar
  3. Adorno, Theodor Wiesengrund. 2003a. Gesammelte Schriften, vol. 1–20. Frankfurt a. Main: Suhrkamp (cited as GS).Google Scholar
  4. Adorno, Theodor Wiesengrund. 2003b. Negative Dialektik. Gesammelte Schriften, vol. 6. Frankfurt a. Main: Suhrkamp (cited as GS 6) (English trans: Ashton, E. B.). Negative Dialectics. London and New York: Routledge. 2004 (cited as EN).Google Scholar
  5. Adorno, Theodor Wiesengrund. 2003c. Zur Metakritik der Erkenntnistheorie. Gesammelte Schriften, vol. 5. Frankfurt a. Main: Suhrkamp (cited as GS 5) (English trans: W. Domingo). Against Epistemology: A Metacritique. Malden: Polity. 2013 (cited as EN).Google Scholar
  6. Adorno, Theodor Wiesengrund. 2006. Current of Music. Elements of a Radio Theory. Frankfurt a. Main: Suhrkamp.Google Scholar
  7. Adorno, Theodor Wiesengrund. 2008. Ontologie und Dialektik 1960/61. Frankfurt a. Main: Suhrkamp (cited as OD) (English trans: Walker, N.). Ontology and Dialectics 1960/61. Cambridge: Polity. 2019 (cited as EN).Google Scholar
  8. Adorno, Theodor Wiesengrund. 2017. Einleitung in die Soziologie (1968). Frankfurt a. Main: Suhrkamp.Google Scholar
  9. Babich, Babette. 2014. Adorno’s Radio Phenomenology: Technical Reproduction, Physiognomy and Music. Philosophy and Social Criticism 40(1): 1–40.Google Scholar
  10. Bedorf, Thomas. 2017. Kritische Theorie. In Husserl Handbuch. Leben-Werk-Wirkung, ed. Sebastian Luft and Maren Wehrle, 332–336. Stuttgart: Metzler.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Derrida, Jacques. 2003. The Problem of Genesis in Husserl’s Philosophy (English trans: Hobson, M.). Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
  12. Dwyer, Daniel. 2007. Husserl’s Appropriation of the Psychological Concepts of Apperception and Attention. Husserl Studies 23(2): 83–118.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Ferencz-Flatz, Christian. 2012. Objects With a Past. Husserl on ‘Ad-memorizing Apperceptions’. Continental Philosophy Review 45(2): 171–188.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Ferencz-Flatz, Christian. 2014. A Phenomenology of Automatism. Habit and Situational Typification in Husserl. Phenomenology and Mind 6: 65–83.Google Scholar
  15. Ferencz-Flatz, Christian. 2017. Zur geschichtlichen Wende der genetischen Phänomenologie. Eine Interpretation der Beilage III der Krisis. Husserl Studies 33(2): 99–126.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Ferencz-Flatz, Christian. 2018. Das Experiment bei Husserl. Zum Verhältnis von Empirie und Eidetik in der Phänomenologie. Philosophisches Jahrbuch 125(2): 170–198.Google Scholar
  17. Ferencz-Flatz, Christian. 2019. Edmund Husserl. Das Wesen der Phänomenologie. In Entwendungen. Walter Benjamin und seine Quellen, ed. Jessica Nitsche and Nadine Werner, 199–219. München: Fink.Google Scholar
  18. Ferencz-Flatz, Christian, and Andrea Staiti. 2018. Editors’ Introduction: Notes on a Troubled Reception History. Studia Phaenomenologica 18: 11–30.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Geiger, Moritz. 1925. Phänomenologische Ästhetik. Zeitschrift für Ästhetik und allgemeine Kunstwissenschaft. Zweiter Kongreß für Ästhethik und allgemeine Kunstwissenschaft Berlin, 16–18. Oktober 1924, pp. 29–42.Google Scholar
  20. Hacking, Ian. 2010. Husserl on the Origins of Geometry. In Science and the Life-World: Essays on Husserl’s ‘Crisis of European Sciences’, ed. David Hyder and Hans-Jorg Rheinberger, 64–82. Stanford: Stanford University Press.Google Scholar
  21. Heidegger, Martin. 2004. The Phenomenology of Religious Life (English trans: Fritsch, M., Gosetti-Ferencei, J.A.). Bloomington: IU Press.Google Scholar
  22. Holenstein, Elmar. 1972. Phänomenologie der Assoziation. Zu Struktur und Funktion eines Grundprinzips der passiven Genesis bei E. Husserl. The Hague: Kluwer.Google Scholar
  23. Husserl, Edmund. 1970. The Crisis of European Sciences and Transcendental Phenomenology (English trans: Carr, D.). Evanston: NU Press.Google Scholar
  24. Husserl, Edmund. 1973. Experience and Judgment (English trans: Churchill, J. S., Ameriks, K.). London: Routledge and Keagan.Google Scholar
  25. Husserl, Edmund. 1982. Cartesian Meditations (English trans: Cairns, D.). The Hague: Nijhoff.Google Scholar
  26. Husserl, Edmund. 1983. Ideas pertaining to a Pure Phenomenology and to a Phenomenological Philosophy. First Book: General Introduction to Pure Phenomenology (English trans: Kersten, F.). Den Haag: Nijhoff.Google Scholar
  27. Husserl, Edmund. 1986. Aufsätze und Vorträge. 1911–1921. Den Haag: Martinus Nijhoff.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Husserl, Edmund. 2001. Logical Investigations, vol. 1 (English trans: Findley, J.). London/New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  29. Husserl, Edmund. 2005. Phantasy, Image Consciousness and Memory (1898–1925) (English trans: Brough, J. B.). Dordrecht: Springer.Google Scholar
  30. Husserl, Edmund. 2008. Die Lebenswelt. Auslegungen der vorgegebenen Welt und ihrer Konstitution. Texte aus dem Nachlass (1916–1937). Dordrecht: Springer.Google Scholar
  31. Husserl, Edmund. 2012. Zur Lehre vom Wesen und zur Methode der eidetischen Variation. Texte aus dem Nachlass (1891–1935). Dordrecht: Springer.Google Scholar
  32. Kane, Brian. 2016. Phenomenology, Physiognomy, and the Radio Voice. New German Critique 43(3): 91–112.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Kaufmann, Fritz. 1940. Husserl and the Problem of Idealism’ by Th.W. Adorno. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 1(1): 123–125.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Kracauer, Siegfried. 1922. Soziologie als Wissenschaft. Eine erkenntnistheoretische Untersuchung. Dresden: Sybillen.Google Scholar
  35. Kramer, Andreas, and Evelyn Wilcock. 1999. A preserve for professional philosophers’ Adornos Husserl-Dissertation 1934–37 und ihr Oxforder Kontext. Deutsche Vierteljahrsschrift für Literaturwissenschaft und Geistesgeschichte 73(1): 115–161.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Lavater, Johann Caspar. 1775. Physiognomische Fragmente, zur Beförderung der Menschenkenntniß und Menschenliebe, vol. 1. Leipzig/Winterthur: Weidmanns & Co.Google Scholar
  37. Linke, Paul Ferdinand. 1916. Das Recht der Phänomenologie. Eine Auseinandersetzung mit Th. Elsenhans. Kant-Studien 21: 163–221.Google Scholar
  38. Lohmar, Dieter. 1998. Erfahrung und kategoriales Denken. Hume, Kant und Husserl über vorprädikative Erfahrung und prädikative Erkenntnis. Dordrecht: Springer.Google Scholar
  39. Lohmar, Dieter. 2003. Husserl’s Type and Kant’s Schemata: Systematic Reasons for Their Correlation or Identity. In The New Husserl. A Critical Reader, ed. Don Welton, 93–124. Bloomington: IUP.Google Scholar
  40. Patočka, Jan. 1977. The Husserlian Doctrine of Eidetic Intuition and its Recent Critics. In Edmund Husserl: Expositions and Appraisals, ed. Frederick Elliston and Peter McCormick, 150–159. London: University of Notre Dame.Google Scholar
  41. Schuetz, Alfred. 1959. Type and Eidos in Husserl’s Late Philosophy. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 20(2): 147–165.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Spengler, Oswald. 1926. The Decline of the West. Form and Actuality (English trans: Atkinson, Ch. F.). New York: Alfred A. Knopf.Google Scholar
  43. Tengelyi, László. 2012. Negative Dialektik als geistige Erfahrung? Zu Adornos Auseinandersetzung mit Phänomenologie und Ontologie. Phänomenologische Forschungen 2012: 47–65.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Windelband, Wilhelm. 1911. Präludien, vol. 2. Tübingen: Mohr.Google Scholar
  45. Wolff, Ernst. 2006. From Phenomenology to Critical Theory: The Genesis of Adorno’s Critical Theory from His Reading of Husserl. Philosophy and Social Criticism 32(5): 555–572.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Alexandru Dragomir Institute for PhilosophyBucharestRomania

Personalised recommendations