Modeling of a Space Heating System Coupled with Underground Energy Storage

  • Guoxiang Zhao
  • Kewen LiEmail author
  • Changwei Liu
  • Lin Jia
  • Bheki Mahlalela Mahlalela
Special Issue


Heat pump systems and radiant floor heating systems are extensively employed to adjust indoor temperatures. Both types of system can reduce energy consumption and increase the coefficient of performance, with some limitations, to further improve energy conservation and environmental protection. For this reason, the development of an environmentally friendly and energy-saving system that is suitable for future energy demands is necessary. A new space heating system coupled with an underground energy storage system, without the use of heat pumps, is proposed herein. To validate the practicality and feasibility of the methodology established in this study, many simulations were performed, and sensitivity analyses of possible influencing factors were conducted. The modeling results proved that human indoor space heating demands can be satisfied with almost zero carbon emissions using the system proposed in this study.


Space heating system Zero carbon emissions Indoor temperature adjustment Coupled system Energy storage Radiant floor heating system 



This research was conducted with financial support partially from the Key Laboratory of Shale Gas Exploration and Evaluation, Ministry of Land and Resources, whose contribution is gratefully acknowledged.

Author Contributions

G.Z. carried out the simulations and wrote the manuscript. K.L. established the main idea and revised the manuscript. C.L., L.J., and B.M.M. were responsible for editing the manuscript.


This research did not receive any specific grants from public or commercial funding agencies.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest.


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Copyright information

© International Association for Mathematical Geosciences 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Guoxiang Zhao
    • 1
    • 2
  • Kewen Li
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
    Email author
  • Changwei Liu
    • 1
    • 2
  • Lin Jia
    • 1
    • 2
  • Bheki Mahlalela Mahlalela
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.School of Energy ResourcesChina University of Geosciences (Beijing)BeijingChina
  2. 2.Key Laboratory of Marine Reservoir Evolution and Hydrocarbon Enrichment MechanismMinistry of EducationBeijingChina
  3. 3.Stanford Geothermal ProgramStanford UniversityStanfordUSA

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