Materials Science

, Volume 54, Issue 3, pp 438–443 | Cite as

Influence of Hydrogen Sulfide on the Corrosion-Electrochemical Properties of 20 Steel with Coatings Based on Zinc and Aluminum

  • М. S. KhomaEmail author
  • V. R. Ivashkiv
  • B. М. Datsko
  • І. S. Kuz’

We study the corrosion of a hot-dip zinc coating and arc-sprayed aluminum and zinc coatings in chloride- acetate solutions and model seawater saturated with hydrogen sulfide. It is shown that, in chloride–acetate solutions, hydrogen sulfide promotes an increase in the corrosion rate of 20 steel by more than an order of magnitude. For the hot-dip zinc coatings, hydrogen sulfide does not change the corrosion rate, whereas for the arc-sprayed coatings, it decreases the corrosion rate by a factor of ∼ 5. The saturation of model seawater with hydrogen sulfide decreases the corrosion rate of 20 steel by a factor of ∼ 7 and the corrosion rate of the hot-dip zinc coating by a factor of ∼ 1.4 but does not affect the corrosion rate of the arc-sprayed coating. The insoluble corrosion product of zinc, namely, its sulfide, does not passivate these coatings. Hydrogen sulfide leads to an insignificant increase in the corrosion rate of the arc-sprayed aluminum coating both in a chloride–acetate solution and in model seawater. Its values are 3–7 times lower than for 20 steel, which indicates the possibility of application of the coatings based on aluminum for the corrosion protection of steels in hydrogen-sulfide-containing media.


steel zinc aluminum coatings medium corrosion cathodic and anodic processes 


  1. 1.
    I. М. Zharskii, N. P. Ivanova, D. V. Kuis, and N. А. Svidunovich, Corrosion and Protection of Metalworks and Equipment: A Textbook [in Russian], Vysshaya Shkola, Minsk (2012).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    E. Bardal, Corrosion and Protection, Springer, London–New York (2004).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    A. Philip and P. E. Schweitzer, Paint and Coatings: Applications and Corrosion Resistance, CRC Press, Taylor & Francis (2006).Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    E. I. Kryzhanivs’kyi, M. K. Il’nyts’kyi, and R. S. Yaremiichuk, Marine Stationary Platforms: A Handbook for Students [in Ukrainian], Ivano-Frankivs'k State Technical University of Oil and Gas, Ivano-Frankivs'k (1996).Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    E. I. Kryzhanivs’kyi and L. Ya. Poberezhnyi, “Corrosion of marine hydroengineering installations,” in: Proc. of the 8th Int. Conf. “Problems of Corrosion and Corrosion Protection of Structural Materials” [in Ukrainian], No. 5, Vol. 1 (2006), pp. 155–159.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    P. Maass and P. Peissker, Handbook of Hot-Dip Galvanization, Wiley, New York (2011).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    E. V. Proskurkin and D. A. Sukhomlin, “Influence of the galvanizing method on the physicomechanical, electrochemical, and protective properties of zinc coatings,” Korroz.: Mater., Zashch., No. 5, 34–42 (2006).Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    E. V. Proskurkin, “Protective zinc coatings for severe corrosion-erosion conditions of operation,” Teor. Neftegaz, No. 9, 42–51 (2009).Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Z. Ahmad, Principles of Corrosion Engineering and Corrosion Control, Elsevier, Boston, (2006).Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    C. Vargel, Corrosion of Aluminum, Elsevier, Amsterdam–Boston (2004).Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    V. І. Pokhmurs’kyi, М. М. Student, V. М. Dovhunyk, H. V. Pokhmurs’ka, and I. I. Sydorak, Electric-Arc Restoring and Protective Coatings [in Ukrainian], Karpenko Physicomechanical Institute, Ukrainian National Academy of Sciences, Lviv (2005).Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    NACE Standard TM 0284-90. Standard Test Method. Evaluation of Pipeline Steels for Resistance to Stepwise Cracking, National Association of Corrosion Engineers (NACE), Houston, TX (1990).Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    I. A. Kuz’mina, Content of Dissolved Oxygen in Water: Methodical Guidelines [in Russian], Novgorod State University, Velikii Novgorod (2007).Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    H. Ma, X. Cheng, G. Li, S. Chen, Z. Quan, S. Zhao, and L. Niu, “The influence of hydrogen sulfide on corrosion of iron under different conditions,” Corros. Sci., 42, No. 10, 1669–1683 (2000).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    R. A. Lidin, V. A. Molochko, and L. L. Andreeva, Chemical Properties of Inorganic Substances: A Tutorial for Higher Educational Institutions [in Russian], Khimiya, Moscow (2000).Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    R. A. Kiper, Physicochemical Properties of Substances: A Handbook of Chemistry [in Russian], Khabarovsk (2013).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • М. S. Khoma
    • 1
    Email author
  • V. R. Ivashkiv
    • 1
  • B. М. Datsko
    • 1
  • І. S. Kuz’
    • 2
  1. 1.Karpenko Physicomechanical InstituteUkrainian National Academy of SciencesLvivUkraine
  2. 2.I. Franko Lviv National UniversityLvivUkraine

Personalised recommendations