EMR Adaptations to Support the Identification and Risk Stratification of Children with Special Health Care Needs in the Medical Home
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Introduction Children with special health care needs (CSHCN) are a high risk population with complex medical issues and needs. It is challenging to care for them in a busy, pediatric practice without understanding how many exist and how best to allocate resources. EMRs can be adapted to develop registries and stratify patients to promote population health management. Methods Adaptations were made to the EMR in September 2013 to capture CSHCN and the associated risk level during well-child visits prospectively. All physicians were trained on the definition of CSHCN and on risk stratification levels 1, 2, 3A and 3B. An analysis using one-way ANOVA for children ages 0–21, seen between September 1, 2011 and August 31, 2015, who were identified and stratified after September 2013, was conducted to determine utilization patterns on hospital admissions, emergency department (ED), subspecialty, and primary care visits. Results A total of 4687 CSHCN were identified during the study period. Of the CSHCN, 45% were Level 1, 41% Level 2, 7% 3A and 7% 3B. There were significant differences in utilization across the tiers of CSHCN with the highest level of stratification (3B) demonstrating the most hospital admissions and primary care visits. Level 3B and level 3A (unstable) had significantly more ED visits. Additionally, as tiers increased from level 1 to 3B there was an increase in subspecialty provider utilization (p < 0.0001). Discussion The EMR adaptations developed for CSHCN identified the expected number of CSHCN and predicted utilization patterns across primary, subspecialty, ED and in-patient care.
KeywordsChildren with special health care needs Risk stratification Medical homes Utilization
The authors wish to thank Dr. Patricia Hametz who provided feedback in the preparation of this submission.
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of interest
The authors have no conflicts of interest to disclose.
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