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Landscape Ecology

, Volume 34, Issue 10, pp 2213–2228 | Cite as

Can a golf course support biodiversity and ecosystem services? The landscape context matter

  • Irene Petrosillo
  • Donatella Valente
  • Maria Rita PasimeniEmail author
  • Roberta Aretano
  • Teodoro Semeraro
  • Giovanni Zurlini
Review Article
  • 147 Downloads

Abstract

Context

In the last 30 years, the number of golf courses has increased dramatically worldwide. Since no other sport occupies and manages such large areas of green space, landscape context is crucial for determining their impacts or benefits.

Objectives

(1) Examine how they affect the main landscape socio-environmental landscape components; (2) analyze the knowledge network structure characterizing the research focused on golf courses; (3) discuss the most common best management practices to mitigate their environmental impacts; and (4) suggest new research perspectives.

Methods

This paper has reviewed 239 papers from academic library databases through a literature review and co-word network analysis.

Results

Golf courses have impacted negatively on water and soil components, while positively on biodiversity, ecosystem services, and tourism, mainly in urban contexts. The best management practices have focused on soil, biodiversity and ecosystem services, water quality and quantity, and have given specific indications for amphibians, birds, turtles, and bee species. Few articles have considered the landscape perspective, despite the potential impact on natural or semi-natural landscapes.

Conclusions

New clusters of research and management issues, in order to link biodiversity conservation with landscape perspective, have emerged: the need to increase (1) studies focused on the effects of golf courses on the ecological processes behind the functioning of the landscape, taking into account its composition and spatial configuration; (2) the proportion of native vegetation in the landscape composition, and density and complexity of vegetation in the landscape configuration.

Keywords

Ecosystem services Biodiversity conservation Golf courses Co-word network analysis 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We sincerely thank the anonymous Reviewers for their useful and targeted suggestions and comments that have improved the quality of the manuscript.

Supplementary material

10980_2019_885_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (135 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (PDF 134 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Laboratory of Landscape Ecology, Department of Biological and Environmental Sciences and TechnologiesUniversity of SalentoLecceItaly
  2. 2.Department of FoggiaRegional Environmental Protection Agency of ApuliaFoggiaItaly
  3. 3.Department of Biological and Environmental Sciences and TechnologiesUniversity of SalentoLecceItaly

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