Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry

, Volume 138, Issue 3, pp 2241–2249 | Cite as

Cu2+, Co2+ and Cr3+ adsorption by synthetic dibasic calcium silicate hydrates and their thermal stability in a 25–1000 °C temperature range

  • Domante Niuniavaite
  • Kestutis BaltakysEmail author
  • Tadas Dambrauskas
  • Anatolijus Eisinas


In this work, the adsorption capacity of Cu2+, Co2+ and Cr3+ by synthetic dibasic calcium silicate hydrate sample as well as its thermal stability was examined. The synthesis of dibasic calcium silicate hydrate was carried out in unstirred suspensions, when CaO/SiO2 molar ratio of primary mixture was equal to 1.5 and the duration of isothermal curing at 175 °C temperature was 16 h. Afterwards, metal ions were incorporated into the synthesis products; the experiments were carried out at 25 °C temperature by stirring 5 g of synthetic dibasic calcium silicate hydrate in 500 mL of Co(NO3)2·6H2O, Cr(NO3)2·9H2O or Cu(NO3)2·3H2O solutions containing 1 g of Co2+, Cr2+ or Cu2+ dm−3 for 30 min. It was obtained that after adsorption all metal ions (100 mg Me2+ g−1) were intercalated into the structure of synthesis products. In situ X-ray diffraction study on the thermal stability of synthesized compounds was performed in a modular temperature chamber from RT to 1000 °C temperature. The obtained results were confirmed by XRD, STA, FT-IR, AAS and SEM methods.


Calcium silicate hydrate Thermal stability Hydrothermal synthesis Adsorption Heavy metal ions 



This work was funded by a Grant (No. S-MIP–17-92) from the Research Council of Lithuania.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest, Hungary 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Domante Niuniavaite
    • 1
  • Kestutis Baltakys
    • 1
    Email author
  • Tadas Dambrauskas
    • 1
  • Anatolijus Eisinas
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Silicate TechnologyKaunas University of TechnologyKaunasLithuania

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