Studies of CO2 gasification of the Miscanthus giganteus biomass over Ni/Al2O3-SiO2 and Ni/Al2O3-SiO2 with K2O promoter as catalysts

  • Obid TursunovEmail author
  • Katarzyna Zubek
  • Grzegorz Czerski
  • Jan Dobrowolski


An assessment of the catalytic and non-catalytic gasification process of the Miscanthus giganteus (MG) biomass in an atmosphere of carbon dioxide was performed on the basis of thermogravimetric and thermovolumetric analyses. In the first step, the thermal behavior of biomass was determined by analyzing the mass loss during non-catalytic gasification with the use of TGA. The results of thermogravimetric analysis were used to assess the course of the biomass heating process in the atmosphere of CO2 and to distinguish the individual phases of this process. Then, the thermovolumetric measurements of MG gasification were taken with the use of Ni/Al2O3-SiO2 and Ni/Al2O3-SiO2 with K2O promoter as catalysts. The obtained results allowed determining the process rate as well as composition of the resulting gas and yields of main gaseous products (CH4, CO, H2). The use of Ni/Al2O3-SiO2 as catalyst resulted in the highest conversion rate of MG gasification into gaseous products with considerably increased contents of H2 and CO. The second analyzed catalyst—Ni/Al2O3-SiO2 with K2O promoter—did not catalyze the gasification process. However, the use of both tested catalysts had a positive effect on reducing the methane content in the resulting gas. One can also suppose that it promotes the decomposition of the tar formed in the process.


Biomass Miscanthus giganteus Kinetics CO2 gasification Catalyst 



The corresponding author wishes to thank Prof. Franciszek Dubert (Department of Developmental Biology, the Franciszek Górski Institute of Plant Physiology, Polish Academy of Sciences), and Prof. Janusz Ryczkowski (The Faculty of Chemistry, Maria Curie-Sklodowska University in Lublin) for their comprehensive support in accomplishment of this research study. Additionally, the authors gratefully acknowledge the financial support of the Ministry of Education and Science of the Russian Federation in the framework of Increase Competitiveness Program of NUST « MISiS » (No. 4-2016-054), implemented by a governmental decree dated 16th of March 2013, N 211.


  1. 1.
    Chan FL, Tanksale A. Review of recent developments in Ni-based catalysts for biomass gasification. Renew Sustain Energy Rev. 2014;38:428–38.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    de Lasa H, Salaices E, Mazumder J, Lucky R. Catalytic steam gasification of biomass: catalysts, thermodynamics and kinetics. Chem Rev. 2011;111(9):5404–33.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Rasul MG, Azad A, Sharma SC. Clean energy for sustainable development: comparisons and contrasts of new approaches. Amsterdam: Elsevier; 2017.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Owusu PA, Asumadu-Sarkodie S. A review of renewable energy sources, sustainability issues and climate change mitigation. Cogent Eng. 2016;3:1167990.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Demirbas A. Combustion characteristics of different biomass fuels. Prog Energy Combust Sci. 2004;30:219–30.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Tursunov O, Dobrowolski J, Nowak W. Catalytic energy production from municipal solid waste biomass: case study in Perlis, Malaysia. World J Environ Eng. 2015;3:7–14.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Tursunov O, Dobrowolski JW. A brief review of application of laser biotechnology as an efficient mechanism for the increase of biomass for bio-energy production via clean thermo-technologies. Am J Renew Sustain Energy. 2015;1:66–71.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Sorensen A, Teller PJ, Hilstrom T, Ahring BK. Hydrolysis of Miscanthus for bioethanol production using dilute acid presoaking combined with wet explosion pre-treatment and enzymatic treatment. Bioresour Technol. 2008;99:6602–7.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    deVrije T, de Haas GG, Tan GB, Keijsers ER, Claassen PA. Pretreatment of Miscanthus for hydrogen production by Thermotogaelfii. Int J Hydrogen Energy. 2002;27:1381–90.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Deuter M. Breeding approaches to improvement of yield and quality in Miscanthus grown in Europe. In: Lewandowski I, Clifton-Brown JC, editors. European Miscanthus Improvement (FAIR3 CT-96-1392) Final Report, Stuttgart; 2000, p. 28–52.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Greef JM, Deuter M. Syntaxonomy of Miscanthus giganteus GREEF et DEU. Angew Bot. 1993;67:87–90.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Eppel-Hotz A, Jodl S, Kuhn W, Marzini K, Myunzer W. Miscanthus: new cultivations and results of research experiments for improving the establishment rate. In: Kopetz H, Weber T, Palz W, Chartier P, Ferrero GLCARMEN, editors. Biomass for energy and industry: proceedings of the 10th European conference, Würzburg, Rimpar, Germany; 1998, p. 780–3.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Jorgansen U. Genotypic variation in dry matter accumulation and content of N, K and Cl in Miscanthus in Denmark. Biomass Bioenergy. 1997;12:155–69.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Clifton-Brown JC, Lewandowski I. Frosttoleranz der Rhizome verschiedener Miscanthus Genotypen. Mitteilungen der Gesellschaft für Pflanzenbauwissenschaften. 1998;11:225–6.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Tursunov O. A comparison of catalysts zeolite and calcined dolomite for gas production from pyrlolysis of municipal solid waste (MSW). Ecol Eng. 2014;69:237–43.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Pandey A, Bhaskar T, Stocker M, Sukumaran RK, editors. Recent advances in thermochemical conversion of biomass. Amsterdam: Elsevier; 2015.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Arnold RA, Hill JM. Catalysts for gasification: a review. Sustainable Energy Fuels. 2019;3:656–72.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Chun YN, Jeong BR. Characteristics of the microwave pyrolysis and microwave CO2-assisted gasification of dewatered sewage sludge. Environ Technol. 2018;39(19):2484–94.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Bacskai I, Madar V, Fogarassy C, Toth L. Modeling of some operating parameters required for the development of fixed bed small scale pyrolysis plant. Resources. 2019;8(2):79.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Li J, Yan R, Xiao B, Liang DT, Du L. Development of nano-NiO/Al2O3 catalyst to be used for tar removal in biomass gasification. Environ Sci Technol. 2008;42:6224–9.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Wang L, Li D, Koike M, Watanabe H, Xu Y, Nakagawa Y. Catalytic performance and characterization of Ni–Co catalysts for the steam reforming of biomass tar to synthesis gas. Fuel. 2012;112:654–61.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Furusawa T, Sato T, Sugito H, Miura Y, Ishiyama Y, Sato M. Hydrogen production from the gasification of lignin with nickel catalysts in supercritical water. Int J Hydrogen Energy. 2007;32:699–704.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Corella J, Aznar MP, Caballero MA, Molina G, Toledo JM. 140 g H2/kg biomass d.a.f. by a CO-shift reactor downstream from a FB biomass gasifier and a catalytic steam reformer. Int J Hydrogen Energy. 2008;33:1820–6.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Wang J, Cheng G, You Y, Xiao B, Liu Sh, He P, Guo D, Guo X, Zhang G. Hydrogen-rich gas production by steam gasification of municipal solid waste (MSW) using NiO supported on modified dolomite. Intl J Hydrogen Energy. 2012;37:6503–10.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Thyssen VV, Maia TA, Assa EM. Cu and Ni catalysts supported on γ-Al2O3 and SiO2 assessed in glycerol steam reforming reaction. J Braz Chem Soc. 2015;26:22–31.Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Zhang Y, Tao Y, Huang J, Williams P. Influence of silica–alumina support ratio on H2 production and catalyst carbon deposition from the Ni-catalytic pyrolysis/reforming of waste tyres. Waste Manag Res. 2017;35(10):1045–54.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Tursunov O, Dobrowolski J, Klima K, Kordon B, Ryczkowski J, Tylko G, Czerski G. The influence of laser biotechnology on energetic value and chemical parameters of rose multiflora biomass and role of catalysts for bio-energy production from biomass: case study in Krakow-Poland. World J Environ Eng. 2015;3:58–66.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Wu C, Williams PT. A novel Ni-Mg-Al-CaO catalyst with the dual functions of catalysis and CO2 sorption for H2 production from the pyrolysis-gasification of polypropylene. Fuel. 2010;89:1435–41.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Elbaba IF, Wu C, Williams PT. Hydrogen production from the pyrolysis-gasification of waste tires with a nickel/cerium catalyst. Int J Hydrogen Energy. 2011;36:6628–37.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Rapagna S, Provendier H, Petit C, Kienemann A, Foscolo PU. Development of catalysts suitable for hydrogen or syn-gas production from biomass gasification. Biomass Bioenergy. 2002;22:377–88.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Therdthianwong S, Srisiriwat N, Therdthianwong A, Croiset E. Reforming of bioethanol over Ni/Al2O3 and Ni/CeZrO2/Al2O3 catalysts in supercritical water for hydrogen production. Int J Hydrogen Energy. 2011;36:2877–86.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Seo DK, Park SSh, Hwanga J, Yu T. Study of the pyrolysis of biomass using thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) and concentration measurements of the evolved species. J Anal Appl Pyrolysis. 2010;89:66–73.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Shafizadeh F, McGinnis GD. Chemical composition and thermal analysis of cotton wood. Carbohydr Res. 1971;16:273–7.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Antal IM. Biomass pyrolysis: a review of the literature. Part I-carbohydrate pyrolysis. In: Boer KW, Duffie IA, editors. Advances in solar energy, vol. 11. Boston: Springer; 1983. p. 61–111.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    Zubek K, Czerski G, Porada S. The influence of catalytic additives on kinetics of coal gasification process. In: Proceedings: E3S web of conferences, energy and fuels. 2016; 2017.
  36. 36.
    Porada S, Czerski G, Grzywacz P, Makowska D, Dziok T. Comparison of gasification of coals and their chars with CO2 based on the formation kinetics of gaseous products. Thermochim Acta. 2017;653:97–105.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    Porada S, Rozwadowski A, Zubek K. Studies of catalytic coal gasification with steam. Pol J Chem Technol. 2016;18:97–102.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    Maoyun H, Xiao B, Shiming L, Zhiquan H, Xianjun G, Siyi L, Fan Y. Syngas production from pyrolysis of municipal solid waste (MSW) with dolomite as downstream catalysts. J Anal Appl Pyrolysis. 2010;87:181–7.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. 39.
    Walker DM, Pettit SL, Wolan JT, Kuhn JN. Synthesis gas production to desired hydrogen to carbon monoxide ratios by tri-reforming of methane using Ni–MgO–(Ce, Zr)O2 catalysts. Appl Catal A. 2012;445(446):61–8.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    Chang CC, Chang HF, Lin FJ, Lin KH, Chen CH. Biomass gasification for hydrogen production. Int J Hydrogen Energy. 2011;36:14252–60.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. 41.
    Di GF, Zaccariello L. Fluidized bed gasification of a packaging derived fuel: energetic, environmental and economic performances comparison for waste-to-energy plants. Energy. 2012;42:331–41.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. 42.
    Min-Hwan C, Mun TY, Kim JS. Air gasification of mixed plastic wastes using calcined dolomite and activated carbon in a two-stage gasifier to reduce tar. Energy. 2013;53:299–305.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. 43.
    Moghadam RA, Yusup S, Azlina W, Nehzati S, Tavasoli A. Investigation on syngas production via biomass conversion through the integration of pyrolysis and air-steam gasification processes. Energy Convers Manag. 2014;87:670–5.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. 44.
    Alvarez J, Kumagai S, Wu C, Yoshioka T, Bilbao J, Olazar M, Williams PT. Hydrogen production from biomass and plastic mixtures by pyrolysis/gasification. Int J Hydrogen Energy. 2014;39:10883–91.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. 45.
    Arena U, Gregorio FD. Energy generation by air gasification of two industrial plastic wastes in a pilot scale fluidized bed reactor. Energy. 2014;68:735–43.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. 46.
    Ma Z, Zhang SP, Xied Y, Yan YJ. A novel integrated process for hydrogen production from biomass. Int J Hydrogen Energy. 2014;39:1274–9.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. 47.
    Fremaux S, Beheshti SM, Ghassemi H, Shahsavan-Markadeh R. An experimental study on hydrogen-rich gas production via steam gasification of biomass in a research-scale fluidized bed. Energy Convers Manag. 2015;91:427–32.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. 48.
    Mandal S, Sen A. Catalytic conversion of ethanol to liquid hydrocarbons by tin-promoted raney nickel supported on alumina. ACS Appl Energy Mater. 2019;2(4):2398–401.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. 49.
    Bian ZF, Das S, Wai MH, Hongmanorom P, Kawi S. A review on bimetallic nickel-based catalysts for CO2 reforming of methane. ChemPhysChem. 2017;18(22):3117–34.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. 50.
    Cai X, Hu YH. Advances in catalytic conversion of methane and carbon dioxide to highly valuable products. Energy Sci Eng. 2019;7:4–29.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. 51.
    Pinto F, Lopes H, Andre RN, Gulyurtlu I, Cabrita I. Effect of catalysts in the quality of syngas and by-products obtained by co-gasification of coal and wastes. 1. Tars and nitrogen compounds abatement. Fuel. 2007;86:2052–63.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. 52.
    Brachi P, Chirone R, Miccio F, Miccio M, Picarelli A, Ruoppolo G. Fluidized bed co-gasification of biomass and polymeric wastes for a flexible end-use of the syngas: focus on bio-methanol. Fuel. 2014;128:88–98.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. 53.
    Wang C, Wang T, Ma L, Gao Y, Wu C. Steam reforming of biomass raw fuel gas over NiO–MgO solid solution cordierite monolith catalyst. Energy Convers Manag. 2010;51:446–51.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. 54.
    Richardson Y, Blin J, Volle G, Motuzas J, Julbe A. In situ generation of Ni metal nanoparticles as catalyst for H2-rich syngas production from biomass gasification. Appl Catal A. 2010;382:220–30.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. 55.
    Luo S, Zhou Y, Yi C. Syngas production by catalytic steam gasification of municipal solid waste in fixed-bed reactor. Energy. 2012;44:391–5.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. 56.
    Lorente E, Millan M, Brandon NP. Use of gasification syngas in SOFC: impact of real tar on anode materials. Int J Hydrogen Energy. 2012;37:7271–8.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. 57.
    Porada S, Czerski G, Dziok T, Grzywacz P, Makowska D. Kinetics of steam gasification of bituminous coals in terms of their use for underground coal gasification. Fuel Process Technol. 2015;130:282–91.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. 58.
    Mianowski A, Robak Z, Tomaszewicz M, Stelmach S. The Boudouard-Bell reaction analysis under high pressure conditions. J Therm Anal Calorim. 2012;110:93–102.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. 59.
    Speight JG. Heavy oil recovery and upgrading. Wyoming: Elsevier; 2019.Google Scholar
  60. 60.
    Speight JG. Gasification of unconventional feedstocks. Wyoming: Elsevier; 2014.Google Scholar
  61. 61.
    Hao XH, Guo LJ, Mao X, Zhang XM, Chen XJ. Hydrogen production from glucose used as a model compound of biomass gasified in supercritical water. Intl J Hydrogen Energy. 2003;28:55–64.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. 62.
    Andres JMD, Narros A, Rodriguez ME. Behaviour of dolomite, olivine and alumina as primary catalysts in air–steam gasification of sewage sludge. Fuel. 2011;90:521–7.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest, Hungary 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Team of Environmental Engineering and Biotechnology, Faculty of Mining Surveying and Environmental EngineeringAGH University of Science and TechnologyKrakowPoland
  2. 2.The Laboratory of Nanochemistry and EcologyNational University of Science and Technology MISiSMoscowRussia
  3. 3.Department of Power Supply and Renewable Energy SourcesTashkent Institute of Irrigation and Agricultural Mechanization EngineersTashkentUzbekistan
  4. 4.The Faculty of Energy and FuelsAGH University of Science and TechnologyKrakowPoland

Personalised recommendations