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Thermoanalytical investigations of some ceramics dated from the Neolithic period, discovered at Oxenbrickel, Sânandrei, Romania

  • Dan Vlase
  • Octavian Rogozea
  • Codruţa Moşoiu
  • Gabriela Vlase
  • Radu Lazău
  • Titus VlaseEmail author
Article
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Abstract

A series of 18 ceramic samples consisting of pottery shards from ancient vessels dated to the Neolithic period discovered at Oxenbrickel, Sânandrei, Timiş County, Romania (GPS coordinates: 45°51′3.11″N, 21°10′49.32″), have been analyzed by using thermogravimetric, differential thermal analysis (TG/DTA/HF), XRD analysis and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. Vessels such as the ones from Oxenbrickel, carrying marks on their bottoms, are to be found among the discoveries of Vinca, Turdaş, Banat, Boian-Giuleşti, Gradešnica, Karanovo IV Kalojanovec, Precucuteni, Hamangia and the Linear Pottery cultures. The results within the present study indicate the technological level observable at Sânandrei falls within the lower range of known firing temperatures, suggesting a different technological approach specific to the Banat Culture or, more likely, an adaptation to local conditions (i.e., available raw materials and fuel sources).

Keywords

Ancient ceramic Firing temperature FT-IR XRD TG/DTG/DTA 

Notes

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Copyright information

© Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest, Hungary 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.County Directorate for Culture TimişTimisoaraRomania
  2. 2.Faculty of Letters, History and TheologyWest University of TimisoaraTimisoaraRomania
  3. 3.Research Centre for Thermal Analysis in Environmental ProblemsWest University of TimisoaraTimisoaraRomania
  4. 4.Faculty of Industrial Chemistry and Environmental EngineeringPolitehnica University TimisoaraTimisoaraRomania

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