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Influence of Mn2+ and Fe2+ doping in LiNi0.8M0.2PO4·3H2O on H-bond strength in crystalline hydrates and thermal transformation mechanism

  • Saifon Kullyakool
  • Pittayagorn NoisongEmail author
  • Sira Sansuk
  • Chittima Laohpongspaisan
  • Chomsri Siriwong
Article
  • 13 Downloads

Abstract

The LiNi0.8M0.2PO4·3H2O (M = Mn2+, Fe2+) were successfully synthesized with a simple co-precipitation route to obtain the lithium binary transition metal phosphate hydrates, in which the corresponding calcined products can be used as cathode materials in Li-ion batteries. The hydrates and their calcined products were characterized using FTIR/FT Raman spectrophotometer, atomic absorption/atomic emission spectrophotometer, X-ray powder diffraction and TG/DTG/DTA. The morphologies of the synthesized compounds were investigated by using scanning electron microscope technique and found to be the thick-plate particles, which were changed to small-bead particles after the thermal treatment. The influence of the transition metal doping on the strength of hydrogen bonding in the structure of the studied compounds was investigated by using the FTIR and TG/DTG/DTA techniques. Moreover, the decomposition mechanism and vibrational properties of the products were studied and it was found that the H-bond strength and transformation mechanisms of three studied hydrates, namely LiNiPO4·3H2O, LiNi0.8Mn0.2PO4·3H2O and LiNi0.8Fe0.2PO4·3H2O, were significantly different. In addition, based on the results from both vibrational and kinetic properties, the strength of H-bonding of the title compounds was obtained in order of magnitude as LiNiPO4·3H2O > LiNi0.8Fe0.2PO4·3H2O > LiNi0.8Mn0.2PO4·3H2O.

Keywords

Hydrogen bond Kinetic study Ni0.8M0.2PO4·3H2Transformation mechanism Vibrational spectroscopy 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We thank the Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Khon Kaen University, for providing research facilities. The financial support from the Center of Excellence for Innovation in Chemistry (PERCH-CIC) and Materials Chemistry Research Center, Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Khon Kaen University, is gratefully acknowledged.

Supplementary material

10973_2019_8665_MOESM1_ESM.docx (1.6 mb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 1598 kb)

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Copyright information

© Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest, Hungary 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Saifon Kullyakool
    • 1
  • Pittayagorn Noisong
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Sira Sansuk
    • 1
  • Chittima Laohpongspaisan
    • 1
  • Chomsri Siriwong
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Chemistry, Material Chemistry Research Center, Faculty of ScienceKhon Kaen UniversityKhon KaenThailand
  2. 2.Department of Chemistry and Center of Excellence for Innovation in Chemistry, Faculty of ScienceKhon Kaen UniversityKhon KaenThailand

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