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Proposing a nano-approach to modify viscosity behavior of SAE 5W50 as light road vehicles lubricant

  • Mohammad Hemmat EsfeEmail author
  • Saeed Esfandeh
  • Hossein Rostamian
Article

Abstract

In this paper, viscosity of MWCNT (%50)–TiO2 (%50)/5W50 is investigated in temperature range of 5–55 °C, solid volume fractions of 0.05%, 0.1%, 0.25%, 0.5%, 0.75% and 1%, and shear rate range of 666.5–10,664 (s−1). Experimental results showed non-Newtonian behavior of enriched nano-engine oil. Nano-engine oil viscosity reduction (compared to 5W50 base oil) in some specific temperatures and solid volume fractions is one of the unique and interesting results of this research. Maximum viscosity reduction (− 11%) occurred in 15 °C and solid volume fraction of 0.05%, and maximum viscosity enhancement (+ 17%) was observed in 25 °C and solid volume fraction of 1%. The main goal of present study is to control viscosity increase of nanofluid after adding nanoparticles to the oil. Modeling and prediction of results were achieved via RSM and ANN methods.

Keywords

Viscosity reduction MWCNT (%50)–TiO2 (%50) Nano-engine oil RSM ANN 

Notes

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Copyright information

© Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest, Hungary 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mohammad Hemmat Esfe
    • 1
    Email author
  • Saeed Esfandeh
    • 2
  • Hossein Rostamian
    • 3
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Mechanical EngineeringImam Hossein UniversityTehranIran
  2. 2.Department of Mechanical EngineeringUniversity of KashanKashanIran
  3. 3.Faculty of ChemicalPetroleum and Gas Engineering Semnan UniversitySemnanIran
  4. 4.University of Applied Science and Technology, Center of Chloran Chemical Production CompanySemnanIran

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