Advertisement

Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry

, Volume 138, Issue 2, pp 1583–1606 | Cite as

Experimental study on thermal analysis of a novel shell and tube heat exchanger with corrugated tubes

Exergetic sustainability along with sensitivity analysis
  • K. Milani Shirvan
  • M. MamourianEmail author
  • J. Abolfazli Esfahani
Article

Abstract

In this paper, a novel study on the heat transfer characteristics in a shell and tube heat exchanger with wavy cosine corrugated wall in structure of tube bundle is investigated experimentally. The optimization procedure is performed by means of response surface methodology in different wavy starting lengths (0 mm ≤ b ≤ 120 mm), hot water flow rates (7 L min−1 ≤ Qh ≤ 11 L min−1), cold water flow rates (11 L min−1 ≤ Qc ≤ 19 L min−1) and wavy wavelengths (0 mm ≤ λ ≤ 80 mm) to obtain maximum effectiveness and the overall heat transfer coefficient. An exergetic sustainability analysis has been done to show how exergy efficiency affects sustainability. The results show that the effectiveness and the overall heat transfer coefficient increase with the cold water flow rates. Additionally, enhancement of the wavy starting lengths decreases the heat exchanger effectiveness and the overall heat transfer coefficient. From sustainability point of view, the corrugated tube is more sustainable than smooth tube.

Keywords

Wavy surface Sensitivity analysis Heat exchanger effectiveness The overall heat transfer coefficient The exergetic sustainability analysis 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors gratefully acknowledge the Islamic Republic of Iran’s oil ministry, National Iranian Gas Company, South Pars Gas Complex, for their support in facilities and resources to make this project.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

References

  1. 1.
    Mamourian M, Milani Shirvan K, Ellahi R, Rahimi AB. Optimization of mixed convection heat transfer with entropy generation in a wavy surface square lid-driven cavity by means of Taguchi approach. Int J Heat Mass Transf. 2016;102:544–54.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Leoni GB, Klein TS, Medronho RA. Assessment with computational fluid dynamics of the effects of baffle clearances on the shell side flow in a shell and tube heat exchanger. Appl Therm Eng. 2017;112:497–506.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Hosseini SM, Vafajoo L, Salman BH. Performance of CNT-water nanofluid as coolant fluid in shell and tube intercooler of a LPG absorber tower. Int J Heat Mass Transf. 2016;102:45–53.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Kumar N, Sonawane SS. Experimental study of Fe2O3/water and Fe2O3/ethylene glycol nanofluid heat transfer enhancement in a shell and tube heat exchanger. Int Commun Heat Mass Transf. 2016;78:277–84.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Wen J, Yang H, Wang S, Gu X. PIV experimental investigation on shell-side flow patterns of shell and tube heat exchanger with different helical baffles. Int J Heat Mass Transf. 2017;104:247–59.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Khan Z, Khan Z, Tabeshf K. Parametric investigations to enhance thermal performance of paraffin through a novel geometrical configuration of shell and tube latent thermal storage system. Energy Convers Manag. 2016;127:355–65.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Khorasani S, Dadvand A. Effect of air bubble injection on the performance of a horizontal helical shell and coiled tube heat exchanger: an experimental study. Appl Therm Eng. 2017;111:676–83.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Maakoul AE, Laknizi A, Saadeddine S, Metoui ME, Zaite A, Meziane M, Abdellah AB. Numerical comparison of shell-side performance for shell and tube heat exchangers with trefoil-hole, helical and segmental baffles. Appl Therm Eng. 2016;109(Part A):175–85.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Yehia MG, Attia AA, Abdelatif OE, Khalil EE. Heat transfer and friction characteristics of shell and tube heat exchanger with multi inserted swirl vanes. Appl Therm Eng. 2016;102:1481–91.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Ji J, Ge P, Bi W. Numerical analysis on shell-side flow-induced vibration and heat transfer characteristics of elastic tube bundle in heat exchanger. Appl Therm Eng. 2016;107:544–51.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Gao B, Bi Q, Nie Z, Wu J. Experimental study of effects of baffle helix angle on shell-side performance of shell-and-tube heat exchangers with discontinuous helical baffles. Exp Therm Fluid Sci. 2015;68:48–57.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Dizaji HS, Jafarmadar S, Abbasalizadeh M, Khorasani S. Experiments on air bubbles injection into a vertical shell and coiled tube heat exchanger; exergy and NTU analysis. Energy Convers Manag. 2015;103:973–80.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Yang J, Liu W. Numerical investigation on a novel shell-and-tube heat exchanger with plate baffles and experimental validation. Energy Convers Manag. 2015;101:689–96.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Segundo EHV, Amoroso AL, Mariani VC, Coelho LS. Economic optimization design for shell-and-tube heat exchangers by a Tsallis differential evolution. Appl Therm Eng. 2017;111:143–51.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Mohanty DK. Gravitational search algorithm for economic optimization design of a shell and tube heat exchanger. Appl Therm Eng. 2016;107:184–93.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Xu J, Hu J, Zhang L, Luo E. A novel shell-tube water-cooled heat exchanger for high-capacity pulse-tube coolers. Appl Therm Eng. 2016;106:399–404.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Rashidi S, Eskandarian M, Mahian O, Poncet S. Combination of nanofluid and inserts for heat transfer enhancement. J Therm Anal Calorim. 2019;135(1):437–60.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Keshavarz Moraveji M, Barzegarian R, Bahiraei M, Barzegarian M, Aloueyan A, Wongwises S. Numerical evaluation on thermal–hydraulic characteristics of dilute heat-dissipating nanofluids flow in microchannels. J Therm Anal Calorim. 2019;135(1):671–83.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Esfahani JA, Akbarzadeh M, Rashidi S, Rosen MA, Ellahi R. Influences of wavy wall and nanoparticles on entropy generation over heat exchanger plat. Int J Heat Mass Transf. 2017;109:1162–71.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Zeeshan A, Ijaz N, Abbas T, Ellahi R. The sustainable characteristic of bio-bi-phase flow of peristaltic transport of MHD Jeffrey fluid in the human body. Sustainability. 2018;10(8):2671.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Ijaz N, Zeeshan A, Bhatti MM, Ellahi R. Analytical study on liquid-solid particles interaction in the presence of heat and mass transfer through a wavy channel. J Mol Liq. 2018;250:80–7.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Bhatti MM, Zeeshan A, Ellahi R, Shit GC. Mathematical modeling of heat and mass transfer effects on MHD peristaltic propulsion of two-phase flow through a Darcy–Brinkman–Forchheimer porous medium. Adv Powder Technol. 2018;29(5):1189–97.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Ellahi R, Alamri SZ, Basit A, Majeed A. Effects of MHD and slip on heat transfer boundary layer flow over a moving plate based on specific entropy generation. J Taibah Univ Sci. 2018;12(4):476–82.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Sheikholeslami M, Ellahi R, Hassan M, Soleimani S. Convection heat transfer flow of nanofluid in a porous medium over wavy surface. Phys Lett A. 2018;382:2749–53.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Majeed A, Zeeshan A, Alamri SZ, Ellahi R. Heat transfer analysis in ferromagnetic viscoelastic fluid flow over a stretching sheet with suction. Neural Comput Appl. 2018;30(6):1947–55.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Hassan M, Marin M, Ellahi R, Alamri SZ. Exploration of convective heat transfer and flow characteristics synthesis by Cu–Ag/water hybrid-nanofluids. Heat Transf Res. 2018;49(18):1837–48.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Hassan M, Marin M, Alsharif A, Ellahi R. Convective heat transfer flow of nanofluid in a porous medium over wavy surface. Phys Lett A. 2017;7:431.Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    Gürtürk M, Oztop HF. Exergy analysis of a circulating fluidized bed boiler cogeneration power plant. Energy Convers Manag. 2016;120:346–57.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Gürtürk M, Oztop HF. Energy and exergy analysis of a rotary kiln used for plaster production. Appl Therm Eng. 2014;67(1–2):554–65.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Gürtürk M, Oztop HF, Hepbaslı A. Energy and exergy assessments of a perlite expansion furnace in a plaster plant. Energy Convers Manag. 2013;75:488–97.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Bayrak F, Ertürk G, Oztop HF. Effects of partial shading on energy and exergy efficiencies for photovoltaic panels. J Clean Prod. 2017;164:58–69.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Bayrak F, Oztop HF, Hepbasli A. Energy and exergy analyses of porous baffles inserted solar air heaters for building applications. Energy Build. 2013;57:338–45.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Dizaji HS, Jafarmadar S, Mobadersani F. Experimental studies on heat transfer and pressure drop characteristics for new arrangements of corrugated tubes in a double pipe heat exchanger. Int J Therm Sci. 2015;96:211–20.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Rainieri S, Pagliarini G. Convective heat transfer to temperature dependent property fluids in the entry region of corrugated tubes. Int J Heat Mass Transf. 2002;45:4525–36.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    Ahn SW. Experimental studies on heat transfer in the annuli with corrugated inner tubes. KSME Int J. 2003;17:1226–33.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    Vicente PG, Garcia A, Viedma A. Mixed convection heat transfer and isothermal pressure drop in corrugated tubes for laminar and transition flow. Int Commun Heat Mass Transf. 2004;31:651–62.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    You Y, Fan A, Lai X, Huang S, Liu W. Experimental and numerical investigations of shell-side thermo-hydraulic performances for shell-and-tube heat exchanger with trefoil-hole baffles. Appl Therm Eng. 2013;50:950–6.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    Incropera FP, Dewitt DP. Fundamentals of heat and mass transfer. 7th ed. New York: Wiley; 2011.Google Scholar
  39. 39.
    Milani Shirvan KM, Mamourian M, Esfahani JA. Experimental investigation on thermal performance and economic analysis of cosine wave tube structure in a shell and tube heat exchanger. Energy Convers Manag. 2018;175:86–98.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    Towler G, Sinnott R. Chemical engineering design: principles, practice and economics of plant and process design. New York: Elsevier; 2007.Google Scholar
  41. 41.
    Shah RK, Sekulic DP. Fundamentals of heat exchanger design. New York: Wiley; 2003.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. 42.
    Fettaka S, Thibault J, Gupta Y. Design of shell-and-tube heat exchangers using multi objective optimization. Int J Heat Mass Transf. 2013;60:343–54.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. 43.
  44. 44.
    Field RW. A theoretical viscosity correction factor for heat transfer and friction in pipe flow. Chem Eng Sci. 1990;45(5):1343–7.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. 45.
    Milani Shirvan K, Ellahi R, Mirzakhanlari S, Mamourian M. Enhancement of heat transfer and heat exchanger effectiveness in a double pipe heat exchanger filled with porous media: numerical simulation and sensitivity analysis of turbulent fluid flow. Appl Therm Eng. 2016;109:761–74.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. 46.
    Kline SJ, McClintock FA. Describing uncertainties in single-sample experiments. Mech Eng. 1953;75(1):3–8.Google Scholar
  47. 47.
    Moffat RJ. Describing the uncertainties in experimental results. Exp Therm Fluid Sci. 1988;1(1):3–17.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. 48.
    Milani Shirvan K, Mamourian M, Mirzakhanlari S, Ellahi R. Two phase simulation and sensitivity analysis of effective parameters on combined heat transfer and pressure drop in a solar heat exchanger filled with nanofluid by RSM. J Mol Liq. 2016;220:888–901.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. 49.
    Mamourian M, Milani Shirvan K, Mirzakhanlari S. Two phase simulation and sensitivity analysis of effective parameters on turbulent combined heat transfer and pressure drop in a solar heat exchanger filled with nanofluid by response surface methodology. Energy. 2016;109:49–61.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. 50.
    Milani Shirvan K, Mamourian M, Mirzakhanlari S, Moghiman M. Investigation on effect of magnetic field on mixed convection heat transfer in a ventilated square cavity. Proc Eng. 2015;127:1181–8.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. 51.
    Alaie Sheikhrobat A, Milani Shirvan K, Mirzakhanlari S, Behzadi T. Investigation of adding Cu particles to base fluid on mixed convection heat transfer in a ventilated square cavity. Proc Eng. 2015;127:33–9.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. 52.
    Milani Shirvan K, Öztop HF, Al-Salem K. Mixed magnetohydrodynamic convection in a Cu–water-nanofluid-filled ventilated square cavity using the Taguchi method: a numerical investigation and optimization. Euro Phys J Plus. 2017;132(5):204.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. 53.
    Hosseinpour V, Kazemeini M, Mohammadrezaee A. Optimisation of Ru-promoted Ir-catalysed methanol carbonylation utilising response surface methodology. Appl Catal A Gen. 2011;394(1–2):166–75.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. 54.
    Hosseinpour V, Kazemeini M, Mohammadrezaee A. A study of the water–gas shift reaction in Ru-promoted Ir-catalysed methanol carbonylation utilising experimental design methodology. Chem Eng Sci. 2011;66(20):4798–806.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. 55.
    Pouladi B, Fanaei MA, Baghmisheh G. Optimization of oxidative desulfurization of gas condensate via response surface methodology approach. J Clean Prod. 2018;209:965–77.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. 56.
    Mamourian M, Milani Shirvan K, Mirzakhanlari S, Rahimi AB. Vortex generators position effect on heat transfer and nanofluid homogeneity: a numerical investigation and sensitivity analysis. Appl Therm Eng. 2016;107:1233–47.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. 57.
    Mirzakhanlari S, Milani Shirvan K, Mamourian M, Chamkha AJ. Increment of mixed convection heat transfer and decrement of drag coefficient in a lid-driven nanofluid-filled cavity with a conductive rotating circular cylinder at different horizontal locations: a sensitivity analysis. Powder Technol. 2017;305:495–508.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. 58.
    Milani Shirvan K, Mamourian M, Mirzakhanlari S, Ellahi R, Vafai K. Numerical investigation and sensitivity analysis of effective parameters on combined heat transfer performance in a porous solar cavity receiver by response surface methodology. Int J Heat Mass Transf. 2017;105:811–25.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. 59.
    Milani Shirvan K, Mamourian M, Mirzakhanlari S, Öztop HF, Abu-Hamdeh N. Numerical simulation and sensitivity analysis of effective parameters on heat transfer and homogeneity of Al2O3 nanofluid in a channel using DPM and RSM. Adv Powder Technol. 2016;27(5):1980–91.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. 60.
    Akbarzadeh M, Rashidi S, Bovand M, Ellahi R. A sensitivity analysis on thermal and pumping power for the flow of nanofluid inside a wavy channel. J Mol Liq. 2016;220:1–13.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. 61.
    Rashidi S, Bovand M, Esfahani JA. Heat transfer enhancement and pressure drop penalty in porous solar heat exchangers: a sensitivity analysis. Energy Convers Manag. 2015;103:726–38.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. 62.
    Rashidi S, Bovand M, Esfahani JA. Sensitivity analysis for entropy generation in porous solar heat exchangers by RSM. J Thermophys Heat Transf. 2016;31(2):390–402.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. 63.
    Mamourian M, Milani Shirvan K, Pop I. Sensitivity analysis for MHD effects and inclination angles on natural convection heat transfer and entropy generation of Al2O3–water nanofluid in square cavity by response surface methodology. Int Commun Heat Mass Transf. 2016;79:46–57.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  64. 64.
    Milani Shirvan K, Mirzakhanlari S, Chamkha AJ, Mamourian M. Numerical simulation and sensitivity analysis of effective parameters on natural convection and entropy generation in a wavy surface cavity filled with a nanofluid using RSM. Numer Heat Transf A: Appl. 2016;70(10):1157–77.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  65. 65.
    Yin J, Yang G, Li Y. The effects of wavy plate phase shift on flow and heat transfer characteristics in corrugated channel. Energy Procedia. 2012;14:1566–73.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  66. 66.
    Rosen MA, Dincer I, Kanoglu M. Role of exergy in increasing efficiency and sustainability and reducing environmental impact. Energy Policy. 2008;36:128–37.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  67. 67.
    Holman GP. Heat transfer. 6th ed. New York City: McGraw-Hill; 1986.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest, Hungary 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • K. Milani Shirvan
    • 1
  • M. Mamourian
    • 1
    Email author
  • J. Abolfazli Esfahani
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Mechanical EngineeringFerdowsi University of MashhadMashhadIran

Personalised recommendations