Characterization of Simarouba glauca seed oil biodiesel
- 24 Downloads
Simarouba glauca seed oil was identified as a possible feedstock to produce biodiesel. The oil was produced through two-stage esterification process using concentrated sulphuric acid and sodium hydroxide as catalysts. Simarouba glauca seed oil biodiesel was blended with diesel in various proportions, and its thermo-physical properties were characterized by chromatographic and spectroscopic techniques. Moreover, the performance and emission characteristics were evaluated in a single-cylinder direct injection diesel engine. The free fatty acid content of the oil was reduced from 3.5 to 0.2%. The results showed that the Simarouba glauca seed oil (SGO) is having good potential of replacing diesel in near future. The performance and emission characteristics of Simarouba seed oil were observed to be good when compared to diesel and satisfied with the limits prescribed in the ASTM D6751, BIS and European standards.
KeywordsBiodiesel Simarouba glauca seed oil Characterization Free fatty acid Esterification
- 1.Largest consumer of crude and petroleum products. http://oilprice.com. Accessed 09 Dec 15.
- 2.Sathiyamoorthi R, Sankaranarayanan G. Effect of antioxidant additives on the performance and emission characteristics of a DICI engine using neat lemongrass oil–diesel blend. Fuel. 2016;174:89–96. http://articles.energy.economictimes.indiaimes.com.
- 6.Atabani AE, Silitonga AS, Ong HC, Mahlia TMI, Masjuki HH, IrfanAnjumBadruddin, Fayaz H. Non-edible vegetable oils: a critical evaluation of oil extraction, fatty acid compositions, biodiesel production, characteristics, engine performance and emissions production. Renew Sustain Energy Rev. 2013;18:211–45.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- 11.Joshi S, Shantha H. Simarouba a potential oilseed tree. Curr Sci. 2000;78:694–7.Google Scholar
- 17.Peterson C, Auid L. Proceedings of solid fuel conversion for the transportation sector. ASME. 1991;12:45–54.Google Scholar
- 22.AOCS Official Method CA 5a-40. In: Firestone D (ed) Official methods and recommended practices of the American Oil Chemists Society, 4th edn. AOCS, Champaign.Google Scholar
- 31.Shiao T, Shiao MS. Determination of fatty acid compositions of triacylglycerols by high resolution NMR spectroscopy. Bot Bull Acad Sin. 1989;30:191–9.Google Scholar
- 40.Kawano D, Ishii H, Goto Y, Noda A, Aoyagi Y. Application of biodiesel fuel to modern diesel engine. SAE Paper No. 2006-01-0233 2006.Google Scholar
- 41.Gebremariam SN, Marchetti JM. Economics of biodiesel production: review. Energy Convers Manag. 2018;168(74):84.Google Scholar