Characterization of Saqez as a natural chewing gum
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In this study, oleo-gum resin obtained from wild pistachio trees (Pistacia atlantica Desf. Subsp. kurdica), known as Saqez, was used as a biodegradable, biocompatible, natural, and edible chewing gum. Saqez was characterized by ash content, texture profile analysis, and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). Furthermore, Saqez was also compared to commercial chewing gum samples. The total ash content was found highest in chewing gums followed by Saqez. Moreover, all texture parameter values of Saqez were lower than conventional chewing gums. The analysis of DSC in Saqez confirmed that the glass transition temperature was comparable to commercial chewing gums. Saqez gum was seen to be an ideal replacement for a synthetic gum base in the manufacturing of a commercial chewing gum. The present study offers new information on Saqez gum, which will be precious and useful for explaining its unique textural properties and thermal behavior in the area of food science and technology.
KeywordsNatural gum TPA DSC Chewing gum Ash content
The authors wish to acknowledge Nikoo Ostovar and Mehdi Zojaji for the technical help.
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