Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry

, Volume 134, Issue 3, pp 2255–2264 | Cite as

The effect of mixture ratio on combustion characteristics of n-propyl alcohol–water binary mixture

  • Haoran Liu
  • Changjian WangEmail author
  • Jiaqing Zhang
  • Qiyin Luo
  • Hao Sun
  • Mingjun Xu
  • Shenlin Yang


The combustion characteristics of n-propyl alcohol–water blended fuel with various mixture ratios were investigated. A round pool with a diameter of 30 cm was employed. Mass loss rate, temperature profiles at flame centerline, and flame shape were recorded during the combustion process. A balance was employed to measure the fuel mass loss, and a digital video camera with the maximum capture rate of 25 frames per second was employed for flame images. The centerline temperature and fuel temperature were measured by K-type thermocouples. The results show that the burning behaviors of the blended fuel are less active than that of the pure fuel. Compared with individual pure fuel, the mass loss rate, flame height, and centerline temperature of the blended fuel are lower. The mass loss rate and flame height profiles clearly exhibit three typical stages: initial development stage, quasi-steady burning stage, and decay stage. Azeotropic phenomenon can be observed in the process of the blended fuel combustion, and the azeotropism dominates the whole quasi-steady burning stage. The correlations of mass loss rate, mean and maximum flame heights and the centerline temperature were proposed for n-propyl alcohol–water blended fuels.


Azeotropism Pool fire Combustion characteristics Blended fuel 

List of symbols


n-Propyl alcohol mass fraction in the blended fuel


n-Propyl alcohol mass, g


Total mass of blended fuel, g

\(\dot{m}^{\prime \prime }\)

Average mass loss rate, kg m−2 s−1, in Eq. (1)

\(I\left( H \right)\)

Intermittent rate


Flame height, m


Diameter of pool, m


Heat release rate, J s−1


Mass loss rate, kg m−2 s−1

\(\Delta H_{\text{c}}\)

Calorific value of fuel, J kg−1

\(\Delta T_{0}\)

Centerline values of mean excess temperature, K

\(T_{\infty }\)

Ambient temperature, K


Convective heat release rate, J s−1


Convective heat coefficient for above blended fuel


Elevation above the fire source, m


Elevation of the virtual origin above the fire source, m


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Copyright information

© Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest, Hungary 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Civil EngineeringHefei University of TechnologyHefeiChina
  2. 2.State Grid Anhui Electric Power Research InstituteHefeiChina
  3. 3.State Key Laboratory of Fire ScienceUniversity of Science and Technology of ChinaHefeiChina

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