Separation and kinetic analysis of the thermo-oxidative reactions of polyacrylonitrile upon heat treatment

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Abstract

A polyacrylonitrile (PAN) homopolymer and a copolymer with methyl acrylate were analyzed by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) in order to establish a method for the kinetic analysis of the stabilization reaction steps during heat treatment. The application of a program rarely used for the study of the chemical transformation of PAN and its copolymers resulted in five separate steps, which can be assigned with large probability to various cyclization and oxidation reactions. A more exact identification of the reactions needs further measurements and considerations. Overlapping peaks appearing in the DSC traces were deconvoluted and then quantitatively analyzed to obtain kinetic parameters. The kinetics of the processes were described by the Kissinger model. The model could be fitted well to four of the five processes that may indicate that these belong to individual reactions of the first order. The parameters obtained agree well with the few values of similar investigations published in the literature up to now. The results have large practical relevance, since the kinetic parameters obtained can be used in the preparation of intermediates and for the optimization of the stabilization process.

Keywords

Polyacrylonitrile Thermal stabilization Cyclization DSC Deconvolution Reaction kinetics Kissinger analysis 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The National Research Fund of Hungary (OTKA K 120039) is greatly appreciated for the financial support of the research. The authors would like to thank Michael M. Coleman and the journal Carbon for the permission to reuse Fig. 6 published in [35].

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Copyright information

© Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest, Hungary 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Laboratory of Plastics and Rubber Technology, Department of Physical Chemistry and Materials ScienceBudapest University of Technology and EconomicsBudapestHungary
  2. 2.Institute of Materials and Environmental Chemistry, Research Centre for Natural SciencesHungarian Academy of SciencesBudapestHungary

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