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Sol-gel-assisted preparation of SiO2@Co3O4 heterostructure from laboratory glass waste as a potential anode for lithium-ion battery

  • Arul Prasath
  • Arumugam Selva Sharma
  • Perumal ElumalaiEmail author
Original Paper: Sol-gel and hybrid materials for energy, environment and building applications
  • 29 Downloads

Abstract

In this work, a simple sol–gel method was developed to incorporate Co3O4 into glass waste-derived SiO2 to generate a heterostructured SiO2@Co3O4 nanocomposite. Morphological analysis revealed the presence of tiny Co3O4 grains embedded on to the surface of the spherically shaped SiO2 particles. The SiO2@Co3O4 hetrostructure anode exhibited a reversible capacity as high as 684 mA h g−1 at 0.5 C. Even after 50 cycles, the anode material showed a remarkable Coulombic efficiency of 99% with capacity retention as high as 75% (507 mA h g−1). The synergistic contribution resulting from the alloying/conversion mechanisms associated with the SiO2@Co3O4 resulted in enhanced electrochemical performance.

Highlights

  • The SiO2@Co3O4 composite was generated by a simple sol–gel method using laboratory glass wastes.

  • The SiO2@Co3O4 anode delivered initial-discharge capacity of 1651 mA h g−1.

  • The synergistic effects of SiO2/Co3O4 resulted in a remarkable Columbic efficiency of almost 100%.

Keywords

Glass waste SiO2@Co3O4 nanocomposite Sol–gel Lithium-ion battery Anode 

Notes

Acknowledgements

AP acknowledges Pondicherry Central University for the University Research Fellowship. AS thanks the Science and Engineering Research Board (SERB), Government of India for the National Post-Doctoral Fellowship (PDF/2016/002815). PE thanks SERB, Government of India, for the research grant (EMR/2016/001305). The authors acknowledge the Central Instrumentation Facility of Pondicherry University.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Electrochemical Energy and Sensors Lab, Department of Green Energy TechnologyMadanjeet School of Green Energy Technologies, Pondicherry UniversityPuducherryIndia

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