Synthesis and magnetocaloric properties of La0.67Ca0.29Sr0.04MnO3 obtained from modified sol-gel Pechini method

  • V. E. Salazar-Muñoz
  • S. A. Palomares-Sánchez
  • I. Betancourt
  • T. J. Pérez-Juache
  • V. D. Compeán-García
  • A. Lobo GuerreroEmail author
Original Paper: Characterization methods of sol-gel and hybrid materials


This work deals with the study of the physical properties of substituted lanthanum manganite, La0.67Ca0.29Sr0.04MnO3, prepared by using a modified sol-gel Pechini method. The manganite was obtained following the traditional Pechini method, but starting from an unusual mixture of precursors wherein manganese sulfate replaces the manganese nitrate. This single change induces variations on the physical properties of the compound. The phase crystallization was analyzed using X-ray diffraction along with the Rietveld method of refinement of the structure. Morphological analysis showed particle sizes around 0.5 µm organized in porous structures and forming cubic clusters. The manganite exhibits high crystallinity and second-order ferromagnetic–paramagnetic transition near room temperature. Also, the magnetocaloric effect and the maximum entropy change (ΔSMmax) were calculated by using a phenomenological model. The associated magnetic entropy change |ΔSM| and the relative cooling power have been determined from the phenomenological parameters as a function of the applied magnetic field. In the vicinity of the Curie temperature (TC), ΔSM reached a maximum value of 2.44 J/kgK when 3 T of magnetic strength was applied.


  • Magnetocaloric properties of substituted lanthanum manganite.

  • Obtainment of La0.67Ca0.29Sr0.04MnO3 from modified Pechini method.

  • Crystallization of a substituted manganite porous structure.

  • Second order ferromagnetic-paramagnetic transition in substituted manganite.


Substituted manganite Magnetic properties Magnetocaloric effect Rietveld refinement. 



V.E.S.-M. thanks CONACYT (México) for her scholar grant 429113. The authors also thank I. Kado Mercado-Elías (FI-UASLP) and G.G. López Rocha (IF-UASLP) for their lab assistance.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • V. E. Salazar-Muñoz
    • 1
  • S. A. Palomares-Sánchez
    • 1
  • I. Betancourt
    • 2
  • T. J. Pérez-Juache
    • 3
  • V. D. Compeán-García
    • 4
  • A. Lobo Guerrero
    • 5
    Email author
  1. 1.Facultad de CienciasUniversidad Autónoma de San Luis PotosíSan Luis PotosíMexico
  2. 2.Dpto. Materiales Metálicos y Cerámicos, Instituto de Investigaciones en MaterialesUniversidad Nacional Autónoma de MéxicoCDMXMexico
  3. 3.Escuela Nacional de Estudios SuperioresUniversidad Nacional Autónoma de MéxicoMoreliaMexico
  4. 4.CONACyT—Coordinación para la Innovación y la Aplicación de la Ciencia y la Tecnología (CIACYT)Universidad Autónoma de San Luis PotosíSan Luis PotosíMexico
  5. 5.Área Académica de Ciencias de la Tierra y MaterialesUniversidad Autónoma del Estado de HidalgoHidalgoMexico

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