Superhydrophobic and oleophobic textiles with hierarchical micro-nano structure constructed by sol–gel method

  • Xiongfang Luo
  • Yuqing Weng
  • Shaofei Wang
  • Jinmei DuEmail author
  • Hongbo Wang
  • Changhai Xu
Original Paper: Sol–gel and hybrid materials with surface modification for applications


In this study, hierarchical micro-nano structures were constructed on cotton surface followed by low surface tension agent treatment to obtain superhydrophobic and oleophobic textile materials. The static contact angle of water, ethylene glycol, olive oil, and dodecane on treated fabric was 154 ± 3°, 145 ± 3°, 141 ± 3°, and 128 ± 1°, respectively. Hierarchical particles were prepared by chemical bonding of nanosilica onto microsilica through the reaction of epoxy group of (3-glycidyloxypropyl)trimethoxysilane and amino group of 3-aminopropyltriethoxysilane. The chemical groups were characterized by FTIR. The surface morphology and surface roughness were characterized by SEM and AFM, and the primary silica particles’ size was obtained based on TEM images. The constructed micro-nano structure was demonstrated robust enough that even can maintain a good superhydrophobic and oleophobic performance after the crocking test and 50 times standard home laundering. Moreover, the tensile strength and whiteness performance of fabric still remained quite good after the treatment. This study provides a useful method to construct a robust micro-nano structure on fabric, which is meaningful for producing durable superhydrophobic and oleophobic textiles.


  • Hierarchical micro-nano structure was constructed on fabric by sol–gel method.

  • Superhydrophobic and oleophobic performace of fabric was durable even after washing and crocking.

  • Tensile strength and whiteness of fabric still remained quite good after treatment.


Superhydrophobic Oleophobic Hierarchical micro-nano structure Durable Textile 



American Association of Textile Chemists and Colorists


Atomic force microscope




Contact angle


Commission internationale de l’ éclairage (International Commission on Illumination)




Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy




Micro-nano silica (structure)


Micro silica


Ammonia solution


Nano silica


Roll-off angle


Scanning electron microscope


Transmission electron microscope


Tetraethyl orthosilicate



This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 51203065); National Key Research and Development Program (Grant No.2017YFB0309700); and the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (Grant No. JUSRP51622A).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Key Laboratory of Eco-textiles of Ministry of Education, College of Textiles and ClothingJiangnan UniversityWuxiChina

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