Multifunctional C/SiO2/SiC-based aerogels and composites for thermal insulators and electromagnetic interference shielding

  • Zhimin An
  • Changshou Ye
  • Rubing ZhangEmail author
  • Qiang Qu
Original Paper: Nano- and macroporous materials (aerogels, xerogels, cryogels, etc.)


A C/SiO2/SiC ternary aerogel was prepared from a formaldehyde–catechol/silicon source via the sol−gel method, supercritical drying, and high-temperature carbothermal reduction. The effects of different carbon/silicon molar ratios on the microstructure, chemical composition, and mechanical and shielding properties of the C/SiO2/SiC aerogels were investigated. The fabricated aerogels exhibited low density of 0.118–0.271 g/cm3, low thermal conductivity of 0.044 to 0.089 W/(m∙K) and a high specific surface area of 774 m2/g. The aerogel exhibited electromagnetic interference shielding effectiveness (SE) properties; the maximum SE value was 24 dB over 12.4–18.0 GHz with an absorption-dominant shielding characteristic. To improve the mechanical properties of the ternary aerogel, novel SiCw-C/SiO2/SiC aerogel composites were prepared by adding different contents of SiC whiskers into precursor solutions. The mechanism affecting thermal and mechanical properties of aerogel composites was investigated. This composite having high strength and low thermal conductivity had potential applications in space shuttles and reusable carrier thermal protection materials.

The fabricated C/SiO2/SiC ternary aerogels exhibited low density of 0.118–0.271 g/cm3 and low thermal conductivity of 0.044−0.089 W/(m∙K). The aerogel exhibited electromagnetic interference shielding effectiveness (SE) properties; the maximum SE value was 24 dB over 12.4–18.0 GHz with an absorption-dominant shielding characteristic.


  • C/SiO2/SiC aerogel exhibited electromagnetic interference shielding effectiveness property.

  • Novel SiCw-C/SiO2/SiC aerogel composites with high compressive strength and low thermal conductivity were successfully prepared.


Aerogel Multifunctional Thermal properties Electromagnetic interference shielding 



This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (11672031 and 11872103).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Zhimin An
    • 1
  • Changshou Ye
    • 1
  • Rubing Zhang
    • 1
    Email author
  • Qiang Qu
    • 2
  1. 1.School of Civil EngineeringBeijing Jiaotong UniversityBeijingChina
  2. 2.China Academy of Launch Vehicle TechnologyBeijingChina

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