Journal of Sol-Gel Science and Technology

, Volume 88, Issue 1, pp 100–104 | Cite as

Synthesis, characterization, and application of sol gel derived Mg2SiO4 powder

  • Fairouz GharianiEmail author
  • Radouanne Fezei
  • Ahmed Hichem Hamzaoui
Original Paper: Characterization methods of sol-gel and hybrid materials


This paper reports a successful preparation of a pure forsterite Mg2SiO4 using the sol–gel approach and its application for the removal of impurities from a Tunisian frying oil. Magnesium nitrate hexahydrate and tetraethylortho-silicate were used as magnesium and silicon precursors, respectively. The synthesis was held at different calcination temperatures for 30 min. The annealed samples were characterized by X-ray diffraction, Fourier transform infrared, scanning electron microscopy, and laser diffraction. The results revealed that the sample calcined at 500 °C was forsterite with unimodal particle size distribution (PSD) centered at 122.8 ± 0.3 μm. The dispersion index I (indicator of particle size uniformity) was 1.84. With the temperature increase, well crystallized compounds were obtained. Their PSDs remain unimodal and shift towards smaller particles. A decrease of the dispersion index was also noted, indicating the formation of Mg2SiO4 with more uniform particle size. This study showed that 900 °C could be selected as energy saving temperature suitable for the preparation of a pure and well crystallized Mg2SiO4 within just 30 min of annealing time. The obtained silicate exhibited promoting results for the purification of waste frying oils.

Pure and fine Mg2SiO4 powder with unimodal particle size distribution was prepared by sol gel route under energy saving conditions. The obtained magnesium orthosilicate showed excellent results for waste frying oil purification


  • Sol–gel synthesis of pure forsterite Mg2SiO4.

  • Structural characterizations of Mg2SiO4 powders.

  • The forsterite powders exhibit unimodal particle size distribution.

  • Successful Mg2SiO4 application for waste frying oil purification.


Forsterite Sol–gel Synthesis Particle size Oil purification 


Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


  1. 1.
    Tavangarian F, Emadi E, Shafyei A (2010) Influence of mechanical activation and thermal treatment time on nanoparticle. J Powder Technol 198:412–416CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Vallepu R, Nakamura Y, Komatsu R, Ikeda K (2005) Preparation of forsterite by the geopolymer technique-gel compositions as a function of pH and crystalline phases. J Sol-Gel Sci Technol 35:107CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Kosanovic C, Stubicar N, Tomasic N, Bermanec V, Stubicar M (2005) Synthesis of a forsterite powder by combined ball milling and thermal treatment. J Alloy Compd 389:306–309CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Sanosh KP, Balakrishnan A, Francis L, Kim TN (2010) Sol–gel synthesis of forsterite nanopowders with narrow particle size distribution. J Alloy Compd 495:113–115CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Saqaei M, Fathi M, Edris H, Mortazavi V, Hosseini V (2016) Effects of adding forsterite bioceramic on in vitro activity and antibacterial properties of bioactive glass-forsterite nanocomposite powders. Adv Powder Technol 27:1922–1932CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Smith RS, Li Z, Dohnálek Z, Kay BD (2014) Adsorption, desorption, and displacement kinetics of H2O and CO2 on forsterite, Mg2SiO4(011). J Phys Chem C 118:29091–29100CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Kwon S, Fan M, Dacosta HFM, Russell AG, Tsouris C (2011) Reaction kinetics of CO2 carbonation with Mg-rich minerals. J Phys Chem A 115:7638–7644CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Courson C, Udron L, Petit C, Kiennemann A (2002) Grafted NiO on natural olivine for dry reforming of methane. Sci Technol Adv Mater 3:271–282CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Courson C, Makaga E, Petit C, Kiennemann A (2000) Development of Ni catalysts for gas production from biomass gasification. Reactivity in steam- and dry-reforming. Catal Today 63:427–437CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Emrullahoglu Abi CB, Gurel SB, Kılınc D, Emrullahoglu OF (2015) Production of forsterite from serpentine – Effects of magnesium chloride hexahydrate addition. Adv Powder Technol 26:947–953CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Tan GL, Du JH, Zhang QJ (2009) Structural evolution and optical properties of CdSe nanocrystals prepared by mechanical alloying. J Alloy Compd 468:421–431CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Sasikala TS, Suma MN, Mohanan P, Pavithran C, Sebastian MT (2008) Forsterite-based ceramic–glass composites for substrate applications in microwave and millimeter wave communications. J Alloy Compd 461:555–559CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Tavangarian F, Emadi R (2009) Mechanical activation assisted synthesis of pure nanocrystalline forsterite powder. J Alloy Compd 485:648–652CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Lin L, Yin M, Shi C, Zhang W (2008) Luminescence properties of a new red long-lasting phosphor: Mg2SiO4:Dy3+, Mn2+. J Alloy Compd 455:327–330CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Yang H, Shi J, Gong M, Cheah KW (2006) Synthesis and photoluminescence of Eu3+- or Tb3+-doped Mg2SiO4 nanoparticles prepared by a combined novel approach. J Lumin 118:257–264CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Mitchell MBD, Jackson D, James PF (1998) Preparation and characterization of forsterite (Mg2SiO4) xerogels. J Sol-Gel Sci Technol 13:359–364CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Kiss SJ, Kostic E, Djurovic D, Bos kovic S (2001) Influence of mechanical activation and fluorine ion on forsterite formation. Powder Technol 114:84–88CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Mostafavi K, Ghahari M, Baghshahi S, Arabi AM (2013) Synthesis of Mg2SiO4:Eu3+ by combustion method and investigating its luminescence. J Alloy Compd 555:62–67CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Prashantha SC, Lakshminarasappa BN, Nagabhushana BM (2011) Photoluminescence and thermoluminescence studies of Mg2SiO4: Eu3+ nano phosphor. J Alloy Compd 509:10185–10189CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Hassanzadech-Tabrizi SA, Taheri-Nassaj E (2013) Polyacrylamide gel synthesis and sintering of Mg2SiO4: Eu3+ nanopowder. Ceram Int 39:6019–7290CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Saberi A, Alinejad B, Negahdari Z, Kazemi F, Almasi A (2007) A novel method to low temperature synthesis of nanocrystalline forsterite. Mater Res Bull 42:666–673CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Fairouz Ghariani
    • 1
    Email author
  • Radouanne Fezei
    • 1
  • Ahmed Hichem Hamzaoui
    • 1
  1. 1.Valorization Laboratory of Useful Materials (LVMU), National Center of Material Science Research (CNRSM)Technological Pole Borj CedriaHammam-LifTunisia

Personalised recommendations