Journal of Sol-Gel Science and Technology

, Volume 88, Issue 1, pp 49–56 | Cite as

Elimination of dissolved Fe3+ ions from water by electrocoagulation

  • Jana GaalovaEmail author
  • Pavel Krystynik
  • Pavel Dytrych
  • Petr Kluson
Original Paper: Nano-structured materials (particles, fibers, colloids, composites, etc.)


Electrocoagulation (EC) was applied for elimination of dissolved Fe3+ ions from model contaminated water. Electrochemical experiments were performed using a coagulation set-up with the volume of storage tank of 50 L. To represent inorganic contamination, FeCl3·6H2O was chosen as a model pollutant; its concentration was equal to 50 mg/L. Experiments were carried out by circulating model effluent (1 pass) through the cell at a flow rate (40 L/h) whilst operating the power supply in galvanostatic mode. Dosing concentration was varying by changing the input current between set points and holding for sufficient time for steady state to be reached and for a sample to be collected. The process using the steel electrode reached removal efficiency up to 99%, depending on pH, and proved to be very suitable for elimination of dissolved Fe3+ ions from water. However, electrochemical experiments using the aluminum electrode reached removal efficiency only up to 25%. The different efficiency of two anodes is probably due to lower adsorption capacity of hydrous aluminum oxide for iron ions in comparison to hydrous ferric oxides. Produced nanostructured flocs were subsequently filtered, dried, and characterized by N2 physisorption, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, and scanning electron microscopy. Obtained characteristics synchronously demonstrate different tendencies of Al and Fe nanostructured flocs.


Water treatment Iron Electrocoagulation Nanostructured flocs Aluminum Steel 



The financial support of Technology Agency of the Czech Republic (project No.: TA04020130) is gratefully acknowledged. Part of the work was financed by Research Infrastructure NanoEnviCZ (project No.: LM2015073).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Chemical Process Fundamentals of the ASCRPragueCzech Republic
  2. 2.Faculty of EnvironmentUniversity of J. E. PurkyneUsti nad LabemCzech Republic
  3. 3.Institute for Environmental Studies, Faculty of ScienceCharles UniversityPrague 2Czech Republic

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