In this work, we demonstrated the anti-icing properties of a transparent and superhydrophobic coating surface based on the octadecyltrichlorosilane-modified silica nanoparticles. The surface was prepared via a simple condensation polymerization followed by a spray-coating process. The surface exhibited a high contact angle of 157.5° and a low sliding angle of 6.5° at ambient temperature. The icing behavior of the surface was investigated by successively dropping the 0 °C of water droplets onto the superhydrophobic coating surface at various low temperatures, i.e., –5, –10 and –15 °C with the help of wind action. The surface displayed excellent anti-icing properties at –5 and –10 °C. Water droplets bounced off or slid away the surface before freezing under wind action at the above temperatures. The icing delay time is larger than 2500 s at –10 °C and 5 m/s of wind blow. While at even lower temperature of –15 °C, water froze on the surface quickly. The icing and/or anti-icing mechanisms of the superhydrophobic surface at different temperatures were interpreted by the variation of the surface wettabilities with decreasing temperatures. Specifically, the humidity in air condensed and consequently formed a layer of frost covering the superhydrophobic surface, which has significant influence on the moving abilities of the surface water droplets. As a result, the anti-icing properties of the coating surface changed with the decreasing of temperatures.
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The authors acknowledge the financial support by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 51263018), International S&T Cooperation Program of China (Grant No. 2012DFA51200), Science and Technology Supporting Plan of Jiangxi Province, Social Development Field (Grant Nos. 20122BBG70165) and Industrial Field (20133BBE50007), and the Key Laboratory for Microstructural Control of Metallic Materials of Jiangxi Province (Grant No. JW201423002).
Electronic supplementary material
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Preparation of transparent and superhydrophobic coating surface on a glass bottle surface via a simple spray-coating method. (AVI 1982 kb)
Water droplets impinging on the superhydrophobic coating surface at different temperature under wind action. (AVI 3570 kb)
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Wang, F., Yu, S., Ou, J. et al. Anti-icing performance of transparent and superhydrophobic surface under wind action. J Sol-Gel Sci Technol 75, 625–634 (2015) doi:10.1007/s10971-015-3733-1
- Superhydrophobic surface
- Silica nanoparticles