Chemical characterization of soda-lime glass samples by in situ current normalised PIGE and conventional INAA methods for forensic applications
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Nuclear analytical methods namely in situ current normalised Particle Induced Gamma Ray Emission (PIGE) and conventional Instrumental Neutron Activation Analysis (INAA) were utilized for determining major, minor and trace concentrations of eighteen elements in five soda-lime (automobile) glass samples. Concentration of four major elements (Si, Na, Mg and Al) by PIGE and fourteen elements including ten trace elements by INAA were determined. For forensic application, major elements were used for confirming the class of glass samples, whereas concentration results of trace elements like transition and rare earth elements were utilized for finding similarity or differences among the glass samples.
KeywordsSoda-lime glass Automobile glass PIGE INAA Trace element fingerprinting Forensic applications
This work was carried out as a part of IAEA Co-ordinated Research Project (CRP) on “Enhancing Nuclear Analytical Techniques to Meet the Needs of Forensic Sciences (CRPCode: F11021)”. Authors are thankful to Dr. S. Krishnagopal, Head IADD, Mr. A. Aggarwal, OIC, FOTIA, and FOTIA operation crews as well as operation crews of Dhruva research reactor, BARC for their cooperation during sample irradiation. Authors are thankful to Mr. K.C. Jagdeesan, RPhD, BARC for his help. Mr. V. Sharma, JRF in K.C. College & RCD, BARC collaborative project, is thankful to CSIR, New Delhi for the fellowship and financial assistance and Head, RCD, BARC for the support. Dr. Hemlata K. Bagla, Principal, K.C. College, Mumbai is thankful to UGC-DAE CSR, Mumbai Centre for the project and financial support. This work is part of PhD thesis in Chemistry of Mr. V. Sharma under University of Mumbai.
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