Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry

, Volume 322, Issue 2, pp 1151–1158 | Cite as

A simple model to simulate the diffusion pattern of radon in different soil media

  • N. ChitraEmail author
  • S. Bala Sundar
  • M. T. Jose
  • K. Sivasubramanian
  • B. Venkatraman


Radon is transported through soil matrix and is exhaled at soil-atmosphere interface. The exhalation rate from soil is largely governed by the concentration gradient and the pressure differences. Study of the transport phenomenon aids in evaluating the radon exhalation rate of the source matrix. The present study deals with numerically solving the well established one-dimensional radon transport model and simulates the radon propagation till the attainment of steady state. The modeling was done by adopting the finite difference method. The effect of advection phenomenon coupled along with diffusion was studied. The limitation of the explicit scheme was overcome by employing the implicit scheme. The model developed was fed with experimentally derived input parameters. The radon depth profile thus obtained was compared with the experimental values. The model was used to investigate how the radon concentration profile evolves with time, for two different diffusion coefficients.


Radon Transport model Diffusion coefficient Soil Exhalation Steady state 



The authors wish to thank Dr. R. Baskaran, Associate Director, Radiation and Environmental Safety Group, Indira Gandhi Center for Atomic Research, Kalpakkam for his support and encouragement.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest, Hungary 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • N. Chitra
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • S. Bala Sundar
    • 1
  • M. T. Jose
    • 1
    • 2
  • K. Sivasubramanian
    • 1
  • B. Venkatraman
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Health, Safety and Environment GroupIndira Gandhi Center for Atomic ResearchKalpakkamIndia
  2. 2.Homi Bhabha National InstituteIndira Gandhi Center for Atomic ResearchKalpakkamIndia

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