Advertisement

Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry

, Volume 322, Issue 2, pp 1085–1096 | Cite as

Adsorptive uptake Th(IV) by red soil and black soil

  • Hui Zhang
  • Wenting Yu
  • Zhifen Wang
  • Mingbiao LuoEmail author
  • Shujuan Liu
  • Rong Hua
  • Kailong Wu
Article
  • 23 Downloads

Abstract

Adsorption of Th(IV) on red soil and black soil was studied as a function of ionic strength, pH, solid–liquid ratio, contact time, temperature and initial concentration through batch static tests, and the soils were characterized by SEM, XRD and IR. The results showed that the adsorption reaction was rapidly and greatly affected by pH. The experimental data conformed to the Freudlich model and the pseudo-second-order kinetic model, reflecting nonlinear chemical adsorption. Furthermore, the intra-particle and liquid film diffusion occurred simultaneously during the Th(IV) adsorption on the soils, and adsorption reaction was controlled by cation exchange reactions. According to adsorption thermodynamics in this experiment, the adsorption of Th(IV) on these two soils was found to be a spontaneous and endothermic process. Both soils were good adsorbents; however, the adsorption rate of black soil was faster, and its adsorption capacity was larger.

Keywords

Red soil Black soil Th(IV) Adsorption 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This project is supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (21761001), National Defense Basic Research Projects of China (JCKY2017401C005), and Jiangxi Education Department Science and Technology Research Project (GJJ170478). Postgraduate innovation program(DHYC-201912).

References

  1. 1.
    Li H, Yu T, Liang SM (2017) Adsorption behavior of thorium(IV) on natural red earth. Hydrometall China 36:54–58,62Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Zhang HX, Wang XY, Liang HH et al (2016) Adsorption behavior of Th(IV) onto illite: effect of contact time, pH value, ionic strength, humic acid and temperature. Appl Clay Sci 127–128:35–43Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Xiong XH, Yuan YH, Huang B et al (2019) Th(IV) adsorption onto titanium tetrachloride modified sodium bentonite. J Radioanal Nucl Chem 319:805–815CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Smain K, Aicha B (2009) Sorption of uranium (VI) on homoionic sodium smectite experimental study and surface complexation modeling. J Hazard Mater 169:780–793CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Seliman AF, Lasheen YF, Youssief MAE et al (2014) Removal of some radionuclides from contaminated solution using natural clay: bentonite. J Radioanal Nucl Chem 300:969–979CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Zhao DL, Feng SJ, Chen SH et al (2008) Adsorption of thorium(IV) on MX-80 bentonite: effect of pH, ionic strength and temperature. Appl Clay Sci 41:17–23CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Yin ZX, Pan DQ, Liu P et al (2018) Sorption behavior of thorium(IV) onto activated bentonite. J Radioanal Nucl Chem 316:301–312CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Pan DQ, Fan QH, Li P et al (2011) Sorption of Th(IV) on Na-bentonite Effects of pH, ionic strength, humic substances and temperature. Chem Eng J 172:898–905CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Xu D, Wang XK, Chen CL et al (2013) Influence of soil humic acid and fulvic acid on sorption of thorium(IV) on MX-80 bentonite. Radiochim Acta 94:36–42Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Wang SW, Dong YH, He ML et al (2009) Characterization of GMZ bentonite and its application in the adsorption of Pb(II) from aqueous solutions. Appl Clay Sci 43:164–171CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Humelnicu D, Drochioiu G, Sturza MI et al (2006) Kinetic and thermodynamic aspects of U(VI) and Th(IV) sorption on a zeolitic volcanic tuff. J Radioanal Nucl Chem 270:637–640CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Wang J, Chen ZS, Chen WY et al (2016) Effect of pH, ionic strength, humic substances and temperature on the sorption of Th(IV) onto NKF-6 zeolite. J Radioanal Nucl Chem 310:597–609CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Xu QH, Pan DQ, Wu WS (2015) Effects of pH, ionic strength, humic substances and temperatureon Th(IV) sorption onto ZSM-5. J Radioanal Nucl Chem 305:535–541CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Xu D, Chen CL, Tan XL et al (2007) Sorption of Th(IV) on Na rectorite effect of HA ionic strength foreign ions and temperature. Appl Geochem 22:2892–2906CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Yu SM, Chen CL, Chang PP et al (2008) Adsorption of Th(IV) onto Al-pillared rectorite: effect of pH, ionic strength, temperature, soil humic acid and fulvic acid. Appl Clay Sci 38:219–226CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Zhang HX, Niu ZW, Liu Z et al (2015) Equilibrium, kinetic and thermodynamic studies of adsorption of Th(IV) from aqueous solution onto kaolin. J Radioanal Nucl Chem 303:87–97CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Pan DQ, Fan QH, Ding KF et al (2011) The sorption mechanisms of Th(IV) on attapulgite. Sci China (Chemistry) 54:129–138CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Wu WS, Fan QH, Xu JZ et al (2007) Sorption–desorption of Th(IV) on attapulgite: effects of pH, ionic strength and temperature. Appl Radiat Isot 65:1108–1114CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Chen L, Gao X (2008) Thermodynamic study of Th(IV) sorption on attapulgite. Appl Radiat Isot 67:1–6CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Fan QH, Wu WS, Song XP et al (2008) Effect of humic acid, fulvic acid, pH and temperature on the sorption–desorption of Th(IV) an attapulgite. Radiochim Acta 96:159–165Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Hu BW, Hu QY, Chen CG et al (2017) New insights into Th(IV) speciation on sepiolite: evidence for EXAFS and modeling investigation. Chem Eng J 322:66–72CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Kaynar UH, Sabikoglu I (2018) Adsorption of thorium(IV) by amorphous silica; response surface modeling and optimization. J Radioanal Nucl Chem 318:823–834CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Zhao DL, Chen SH, Yang SB et al (2011) Investigation of the sorption behavior of Cd(II) on GMZ bentonite as affected by solution chemistry. Chem Eng J 166:1010–1016CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Zhang H, Li LL, Zhou SHW (2014) Kinetic modeling of antimony(V) adsorption–desorption and transportion soils. Chemosphere 111:434–440CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Zhou XY, Li H, Liu DY et al (2018) Effects of toxin from Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) on sorption of Pb(II) in red and black soils: equilibrium and kinetics aspects. J Hazard Mater 360:172–181CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Li LH, Ma JC, Xu M et al (2016) The adsorption and desorption of Pb2+ and Cd2+ in Freeze–Thaw treated soils. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 96:107–112CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Wang X, Li YM, Mao N et al (2017) The adsorption behavior of Pb2+ and Cd2+ in the treated black soils with different Freeze–Thaw frequencies. Water Air Soil Pollut 228:193–208CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Lin LN, Zhou SHW, Huang Q et al (2018) Capacity and mechanism of arsenic adsorption on red soil supplemented with ferromanganese oxide–biochar composites. Environ Sci Pollut Res 25:20116–20124CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Li ZH, Man N, Wang SSH et al (2015) Selenite adsorption and desorption in main Chinese soils with their characteristics and physicochemical properties. J Soils Sediments 15:1150–1158CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Liu J, Dai JL, Wang RQ et al (2010) Adsorption/desorption and fate of mercury(II) by typical black soil and red soil in China. Soil Sediment Contam 19:587–601CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Zhang MM, Liu J, Tian CHG et al (2012) Effect of pH, temperature, and the role of ionic strength on the adsorption of mercury(II) by typical Chinese soils. Commun Soil Sci Plant 43:1599–1613CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Wang YJ, Sun RJ, Xiao AY et al (2010) Phosphate affects the adsorption of tetracycline on two soils with different characteristics. Geoderma 156:237–242CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Sun J, Ma XL, Wang W et al (2019) The adsorption behavior of atrazine in common soils in Northeast China. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 103:316–322CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Li W, Zhang Y, Jia HR et al (2019) Adsorption–desorption and leaching behaviors of tetraniliprole in three typical soils of China. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s00128-019-02688-w CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    Song JR (2006) Chemical analysis of uranium ore. Atomic Energy Press, BeijingGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    Luo MB, Liu SJ, Li JQ et al (2016) Uranium sorption characteristics onto synthesized pyrite. J Radioanal Nucl Chem 307:305–312CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest, Hungary 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Nuclear Resources and EnvironmentEast China University of TechnologyNanchangChina
  2. 2.School of Nuclear Science and EngineeringEast China University of TechnologyNanchangChina

Personalised recommendations