Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry

, Volume 322, Issue 2, pp 1085–1096 | Cite as

Adsorptive uptake Th(IV) by red soil and black soil

  • Hui Zhang
  • Wenting Yu
  • Zhifen Wang
  • Mingbiao LuoEmail author
  • Shujuan Liu
  • Rong Hua
  • Kailong Wu


Adsorption of Th(IV) on red soil and black soil was studied as a function of ionic strength, pH, solid–liquid ratio, contact time, temperature and initial concentration through batch static tests, and the soils were characterized by SEM, XRD and IR. The results showed that the adsorption reaction was rapidly and greatly affected by pH. The experimental data conformed to the Freudlich model and the pseudo-second-order kinetic model, reflecting nonlinear chemical adsorption. Furthermore, the intra-particle and liquid film diffusion occurred simultaneously during the Th(IV) adsorption on the soils, and adsorption reaction was controlled by cation exchange reactions. According to adsorption thermodynamics in this experiment, the adsorption of Th(IV) on these two soils was found to be a spontaneous and endothermic process. Both soils were good adsorbents; however, the adsorption rate of black soil was faster, and its adsorption capacity was larger.


Red soil Black soil Th(IV) Adsorption 



This project is supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (21761001), National Defense Basic Research Projects of China (JCKY2017401C005), and Jiangxi Education Department Science and Technology Research Project (GJJ170478). Postgraduate innovation program(DHYC-201912).


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Copyright information

© Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest, Hungary 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Nuclear Resources and EnvironmentEast China University of TechnologyNanchangChina
  2. 2.School of Nuclear Science and EngineeringEast China University of TechnologyNanchangChina

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