Tritium in water bodies around the Kaiga generating station

  • Srinivas S. Kamath
  • B. Narayana
  • Renita Shiny D’Souza
  • S. Rashmi Nayak
  • M. P. Mohan
  • B. N. Dileep
  • A. Baburajan
  • P. M. Ravi
  • N. KarunakaraEmail author


Tritium concentration was monitored in different water sources collected around Kaiga Nuclear Power plant, India. The concentration was in the ranges < 1.9–27.4 Bq L−1 (GM = 4.0 Bq L−1) for groundwater, < 1.9–42.1 Bq L−1 (GM = 3.5 Bq L−1) for surface water and in 12.4–42.0 Bq L−1 (GM = 24.07 Bq L−1) for reservoir water. The concentration values observed in this study are similar to those reported for other PHWR stations of the world. The radiation dose to the public due to ingestion of Tritium through groundwater was computed to be 0.08 μSvy−1.


Tritium Surface water Groundwater NPP Kaiga PHWR 



The authors would like to thank the Board of Research in Nuclear Science (BRNS), Department of Atomic Energy, Government of India, for funding the research programme. The authors would also like to thank the Site Director and other officials of ESL, Kaiga Generating Station, Nuclear Power Corporation of India Ltd., for supporting this research programme. The help received from Mr. S. S. Managhanvi and his colleagues, Health Physics Unit, Kaiga Generating Station, Kaiga, during the sample collection is gratefully acknowledged.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

There is no conflict of interest of the work reported in this article with any other agencies.


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Copyright information

© Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest, Hungary 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Srinivas S. Kamath
    • 1
    • 2
  • B. Narayana
    • 1
    • 2
  • Renita Shiny D’Souza
    • 1
  • S. Rashmi Nayak
    • 1
  • M. P. Mohan
    • 1
  • B. N. Dileep
    • 3
  • A. Baburajan
    • 4
    • 5
  • P. M. Ravi
    • 6
  • N. Karunakara
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Centre for Advanced Research in Environmental Radioactivity (CARER)Mangalore UniversityMangaloreIndia
  2. 2.Department of Studies in ChemistryMangalore UniversityMangaloreIndia
  3. 3.Environmental Survey LaboratoryKaiga Generating StationKaigaIndia
  4. 4.Environmental Survey LaboratoryTarapur Atomic Power StationPalghar Taluka, ThaneIndia
  5. 5.Environmental Survey Laboratory, Health Physics DivisionBhabha Atomic Research CentrePalgharIndia
  6. 6.Health Physics DivisionBhabha Atomic Research CentreTrombayIndia

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