Advertisement

Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry

, Volume 322, Issue 2, pp 663–676 | Cite as

Nanocomposite of polyaniline functionalized Tafla: synthesis, characterization, and application as a novel sorbent for selective removal of Fe(III)

  • Mostafa M. HamedEmail author
  • A. M. Shahr El-Din
  • E. A. Abdel-Galil
Article
  • 51 Downloads

Abstract

A novel PAn/Tafla nanocomposite was fabricated by the polymerization of aniline in a suspension of nano-sized Tafla using ployvinyl alcohol as a surfactant. The physicochemical characteristics including pH titration, chemical stability, and thermal stability of nanocomposite were examined. Sorption behavior of PAn/Tafla nanocomposite towards Fe(III), U(VI), Th(IV), La(III), and Ce(III) from aqueous solutions has been studied. This study revealed that the new nanocomposite is highly selective for Fe(III) ions rather than U(VI), Th(IV), La(III), and Ce(III) ions. The breakthrough capacity obtained from column study was equal to 190.0 mg/g. The new nanocomposite was applied successfully for purification of lanthanides leachate liquor.

Keywords

Nanocomposite Chromatographic separation Uranium Thorium Lanthanides Iron Low-grade monazite 

Notes

References

  1. 1.
    Khatri N, Tyagi S, Rawtani D (2017) Recent strategies for the removal of iron from water: a review. J Water Process Eng 19:291–304Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Hanna AA (1999) Reducing iron content in crude phosphoric acid by potassium ferrocyanide. Indian J Chem Technol 6:276–279Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Leng X, Zhong Y, Xu D, Wang X, Yang L (2019) Mechanism and kinetics study on removal of iron from phosphoric acid by cation exchange resin. Chin J Chem Eng 27:1050–1057Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Borai EH, Shahr El-Din AM, El Afifi EM, Aglan RF, Abo-Aly MM (2016) Subsequent separation and selective extraction of thorium(IV), iron(III), zirconium(IV) and cerium(III) from aqueous sulfate medium. S Afr J Chem 69:148–156Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Sharma G, Thakur B, Naushad M, Al-Muhtaseb AH, Kumar A, Sillanpa M, Mola GT (2017) Fabrication and characterization of sodium dodecyl sulphate @ ironsilicophosphate nanocomposite: ion exchange properties and selectivity for binary metal ion. Mater Chem Phys 193:129–139Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Kumar A, Sharma G, Chengsheng G, Naushad M, Pathania D, Dhiman P, Kalia S (2016) Magnetically recoverable ZrO2/Fe3O4/chitosan nanomaterials for enhanced sunlight driven photoreduction of carcinogenic Cr(VI) and dechlorination & mineralization of 4-chlorophenol from simulated waste water. RSC Adv 6:13251–13263Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Sharma G, Naushad M, Kumar A, Devi S, Khan MR (2015) Lanthanum/cadmium/polyaniline bimetallic nanocomposite for the photodegradation of organic pollutant. Iran Polym J 24:1003–1013Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Berthelot J (1998) Composite materials: mechanical behavior and structural analysis, mechanical engineering series. Springer, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Awual MR, Khraisheh M, Alharthi NH, Luqman M, Islam A, Karim MR, Rahman MM, Abdul Khaleque M (2018) Efficient detection and adsorption of cadmium(II) ions using innovative nano-composite materials. Chem Eng J 343:118–127Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Naushad M (2009) Inorganic and composite ion exchange materials and their applications. Ion Exch Lett 209:1–14Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Iqbal N, Rafiquee MZA (2010) Synthesis and characterization of lead(II) selective sodium dodecyl benzene sulphonate–cerium(IV) phosphate ion exchanger. Coll Surf A Physicochem Eng Asp 364(2010):67–71Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Somya A, Rafiquee KG (2008) Triton X-100 based cerium (IV) phosphate as a new Hg(II) selective, surfactant based fibrous ion exchanger: synthesis, characterization and adsorption behavior. Coll Surf A Physiochem Eng Asp 317:400–405Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Varshney KG, Rafiquee MZA, Somya A, Drabik M (2006) Synthesis and characterization of a Hg(II) selective n-butyl acetate cerium(IV) phosphate as a new intercalated fibrous ion exchanger: effect of surfactants on the adsorption behavior. Ind J Chem 45:1856–1860Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Naushad M, Ahamad T, Sharma G, Al-Muhtaseb AH, Albadarin AB, Alam MM, AlOthman ZA, Alshehri SM, Ghfar AA (2016) Synthesis and characterization of a new starch/SnO2 nanocomposite for efficient adsorption of toxic Hg2+ metal ion. Chem Eng J 300:306–316Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Varshney KG, Rafiquee MZA, Somya A (2007) Effect of surfactants on the adsorption behavior of tin(IV) phosphate, cation exchanger for alkaline earths and heavy metal ions. Coll Surf A Physicochem Eng Asp 301:224–228Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Al-Othman ZA, Naushad M, Khan MR, Wabaidur SM (2011) A comparative study on characterization of aluminium tungstate and surfactant based aluminium tungstate cation exchangers: analytical applications for the separation of toxic metal ions. J Inorg Organomet Polym 22:352–359Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Li L, Tang S, Cheng B, Liao Q, Lu W, Dai Z, Tan Y, Sun J (2018) Synthesis and adsorption characteristics of calix[6]arene derivative modified Aspergillus niger–Fe3O4 bio-nanocomposite for U(VI). J Radioanal Nucl Chem 316:331–339Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Li L, Lu W, Ding D, Dai Z, Cao C, Liu L, Chen T (2019) Adsorption properties of pyrene-functionalized nano-Fe3O4 mesoporous materials for uranium. J Solid State Chem 270:666–673Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Ghourbanpour J, Sabzi M, Shafagh N (2019) Effective dye adsorption behavior of poly(vinyl alcohol)/chitin nanofiber/Fe(III) complex. Int J Biol Macromol 137:296–306PubMedGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Li L, Hu N, Ding D, Xin X, Wang Y, Xue J, Zhang H, Tan Y (2015) Adsorption and recovery of U(VI) from low concentration uranium solution by amidoxime modified Aspergillus niger. RSC Adv 5:65827–65839Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Liao Q, Li L, Yuan Y, Cheng B, Lu W, Hou S (2018) Preparation of 4-sulfonylcalix[6]arene modified Fe3O4 as adsorbent for adsorption of U(VI) from aqueous solution. J Radioanal Nucl Chem 315:251–261Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Hamed MM, Hilal MA, Borai EH (2016) Chemical distribution of hazardous natural radionuclides during monazite mineral processing. J Environ Radioact 162–163:166–171PubMedGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Borai EH, Hamed MM, Shahr El-Din AM (2017) A new method for processing of low-grade monazite concentrates. J Geol Soc India 89:600–604Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Topp NE, Pepper KW (1949) Properties of ion-exchange resins in relation to their structure. Part I. Titration curves. J Chem Soc 690:3299–3303Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Armes S, Aldissi M (1990) Preparation and characterization of colloidal dispersions of polypyrrole using poly(2-vinyl pyridine)-based steric stabilizers. Polymer 31:569–574Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Aldissi M (1993) Is there a colloid in every solution-processable conducting polymer? Adv Mater 5:60–62Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Eisazadeh H, Wallace G, Spinks G (1994) Influence of steric stabilizers on the electropolymerization and properties of polypyrroles. Polymer 35:1754–1758Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    Eisazadeh H, Spinks G, Wallace G (1995) Electrodeposition of polyaniline and polyaniline composites from colloidal dispersions. Polym Int 37:87–91Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    Chattopadhyay D, Chakraborty M, Mandal BM (2001) Dispersion polymerization of aniline using hydroxypropylcellulose as stabilizer: role of rate of polymerization. Polym Int 50:538–544Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    Taghipour Z, Eisazadeh H, Tanzifi M (2014) Modification of polyaniline/polystyrene and polyaniline/metal oxide structure by surfactant. Int J Eng 27:227–238Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    El-Aryan YF, Abdel-Galil EA, Sharaf El-deen GE (2015) Synthesis, characterization and adsorption behavior of cesium, cobalt, and europium on organic-inorganic hybrid exchanger. Russ J Appl Chem 88:516–523Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    Abdel-Galil EA, Rizk HE, Mostafa AZ (2016) Production and characterization of activated carbon from Leucaena plant wastes for removal of some toxic metal ions from waste solutions. Desalination Water Treat 57:17880–17891Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    Tang J, Jing X, Wang B, Wang F (1988) Infrared spectra of soluble polyaniline. Synth Metals 24:231–238Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    Stejskal J, Trchova M, Prokes J, Sapurina I (2001) Brominated polyaniline. Chem Mater 13:4083–4086Google Scholar
  35. 35.
    Chakraborty S, Bandyopadhyay S, Ameta R, Mukhopadhyay R, Deuri AS (2007) Application of FTIR in characterization of acrylonitrile–butadiene rubber (nitrile rubber). Polym Test 26:38–41Google Scholar
  36. 36.
    Aleahmad M, Taleghani HG, Eisazadeh H (2011) Preparation and characterization of PAn/NiO nanocomposite using various surfactants. Synth Metals 161:990–995Google Scholar
  37. 37.
    Khan AAI (2006) Preparation, physico-chemical characterization, analytical applications and electrical conductivity measurement studies of an ‘organic–inorganic’ composite cation-exchanger: polyaniline Sn(IV) phosphate. React Funct Polym 66:1649–1663Google Scholar
  38. 38.
    El-Aryan YF, El-Said H, Abdel-Galil EA (2014) Synthesis and characterization of polyaniline–titanium tungstophosphate; its analytical applications for sorption of Cs+, Co2+, and Eu3+ from waste solutions. Radiochemistry 56:614–621Google Scholar
  39. 39.
    Ibrahim DM, El-Hemaly SA, Abdel-Kerim FM (1980) Study of rice-husk ash silica by infrared spectroscopy. Thermochim Acta 37:307–314Google Scholar
  40. 40.
    Padhi BK, Patnaik C (1995) Development of Si2N2O, Si3N4 and SiC ceramic materials using rice husk. Ceram Int 21:213–220Google Scholar
  41. 41.
    Stuart B (1996) Modern infrared spectroscopy. Wilely, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  42. 42.
    Madejova J (2003) FTIR techniques in clay mineral studies. Vib Spectro 31:1–10Google Scholar
  43. 43.
    Nabi SA, Siddiqi ZM (1985) Preparation, properties, and analytical applications of crystalline tin(IV) tungstoselenate. Bull Chem Soc Jpn 58:724–730Google Scholar
  44. 44.
    Rawat JP, Ansari AA (1990) Synthesis and ion exchange properties of sodium stannosilicate: a silver selective inorganic ion exchanger. Bull Chem Soc Jpn 63:1521–1525Google Scholar
  45. 45.
    Taylor A (1961) X-ray metallography. Wiley, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  46. 46.
    Wang Y, Wanga Y, Cao J, Kong F, Xia H, Zhang J, Zhu B, Wang Sh, Wu Sh (2008) Low-temperature H2S sensors based on Ag-doped α-Fe2O3 nanoparticles. Sens Actuat B 131:183–189Google Scholar
  47. 47.
    Zoleikani L, Issazadeh H, Nezhad BZ (2015) Preparation of new conductive polymer nanocomposites for cadmium removal from industrial wastewaters. J Chem Techno Metal 50:71–80Google Scholar
  48. 48.
    Yang Y, Liu C, Wu H (2009) Preparation and properties of poly(vinyl alcohol)/exfoliated α-zirconium phosphate nanocomposite films. Polym Test 28:371–377Google Scholar
  49. 49.
    Zhang L, Long Y, Chen Z, Wan M (2004) The effect of hydrogen bonding on self-assembled polyaniline nanostructures. Adv Funct Mater 14:693–698Google Scholar
  50. 50.
    Khan AA, Akhtar T (2008) Preparation, physico-chemical characterization and electrical conductivity measurement studies of an organic–inorganic nanocomposite cation-exchanger: poly-o-toluidine Zr(IV) phosphate. Electrochim Acta 53:5540–5548Google Scholar
  51. 51.
    Abdel-Galil EA, Moloukhia H, Abdel-Khalik M, Mahrous SS (2018) Synthesis and physico-chemical characterization of cellulose/HO7Sb3 nanocomposite as adsorbent for the removal of some radionuclides from aqueous solutions. Appl Radiat Isot 140:363–373PubMedGoogle Scholar
  52. 52.
    Torres A, RualesC PC, Aimable A, Bowen P, Sarria V, Kiwi J (2010) Innovative high-surface-area CuO pretreated cotton effective in bacterial inactivation under visible light. Appl Mater Interfaces 2:2547–2552Google Scholar
  53. 53.
    Khan AA, Alam MM (2003) Synthesis, characterization and analytical applications of a new and novel ‘organic–inorganic’ composite material as a cation exchanger and Cd(II) ion-selective membrane electrode: polyaniline Sn(IV) tungstoarsenate. React Funct Polym 55:277–290Google Scholar
  54. 54.
    Khan AA, Inamuddin AM (2005) Preparation, characterization and analytical applications of a new and novel electrically conducting fibrous type polymeric–inorganic composite material: polypyrrole Th(IV) phosphate used as a cation-exchanger and Pb(II) ion-selective membrane electrode. Mater Res Bull 40:289–305Google Scholar
  55. 55.
    Nabi SA, Naushad M, Bushra R (2009) Synthesis and characterization of a new organic–inorganic Pb2+ selective composite cation exchanger acrylonitrile stannic(IV) tungstate and its analytical applications. Chem Eng J 152:80–87Google Scholar
  56. 56.
    El-Naggar IM, Mowafy EA, Abdel-Galil EA, El-Shahat MF (2010) Synthesis, characterization and ion-exchange properties of a novel “organic–inorganic” hybrid cation-exchanger: polyacrylamide Sn(IV) molybdophosphate. Global J Phys Chem 1:91–106Google Scholar
  57. 57.
    Jnr MH, Spiff AI (2005) Equilibrium sorption study of Al3+, Co2+ and Ag+ in aqueous solutions by fluted pumpkin (Telfairia Occidentalis HOOK f) waste biomass. Acta Chim Slov 52:174–181Google Scholar
  58. 58.
    Awwad NS, Gad HMH, Ahmed MI, Aly HF (2010) Sorption of lanthanum and erbium from aqueous solution by activated carbon prepared from rice husk. Colloids Surf B Biointerfaces 81:593–599PubMedGoogle Scholar
  59. 59.
    Abdel-Galil EA, Rizk HE, El-kenany WM (2018) Low cost natural adsorbent for removal of Pb(II) ions from waste solutions. Arab J Nucl Sci Appl 51:19–30Google Scholar
  60. 60.
    Ahmed IM, Aglan RF, Hamed MM (2017) Removal of arsenazo-III and thorin from radioactive waste solutions by adsorption onto low-cost adsorbent. J Radioanal Nucl Chem 314:2253–2262Google Scholar
  61. 61.
    Hamed MM (2014) Sorbent extraction behavior of a nonionic surfactant, Triton X-100, onto commercial charcoal from low level radioactive waste. J Radioanal Nucl Chem 302:303–313Google Scholar
  62. 62.
    Moloukhia H, Hegazy WS, Abdel-Galil EA, Mahrous SS (2016) Removal of Eu3+, Ce3+, Sr2+, and Cs+ ions from radioactive waste solutions by modified activated carbon prepared from coconut shells. Chem Ecol 32:324–345Google Scholar
  63. 63.
    Rizk SE, Hamed MM (2015) Batch sorption of iron complex dye, naphthol green B, from wastewater on charcoal, kaolinite, and Tafla. Desalin Water Treat 56:1536–1546Google Scholar
  64. 64.
    Rizk SE, Hamed MM, Nayl AA (2016) Adsorption kinetics and modeling of gadolinium and cobalt ions sorption by an ion-exchange resin. Part Sci Technol 34:716–724Google Scholar
  65. 65.
    Hamed MM, Holiel M, Ismail ZH (2016) Removal of 134Cs and 152+154Eu from liquid radioactive waste using Dowex HCR-S/S. Radiochim Acta 104:399–413Google Scholar
  66. 66.
    Shahr El-Din AM, Monir T, Sayed MA (2019) Nano-sized Prussian blue immobilized costless agro-industrial waste for the removal of cesium-137 ions. Environ Sci Pollut Res.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-019-05851-2 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  67. 67.
    Metwally SS, Ghaly M, El-Sherief EA (2017) Physicochemical properties of synthetic nano-birnessite and its enhanced scavenging of Co2+ and Sr2+ ions from aqueous solutions. Mater Chem Phys 193:63–72Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest, Hungary 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Hot Laboratories and Waste Management CenterAtomic Energy AuthorityCairoEgypt

Personalised recommendations