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Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry

, Volume 322, Issue 2, pp 305–318 | Cite as

Activity concentrations of 226Ra, 228Ra, 222Rn and their health impact in the groundwater of Jordan

  • Ahmad Hussein AlomariEmail author
  • Muneer Aziz SalehEmail author
  • Suhairul Hashim
  • Amal Alsayaheen
  • Ismael Abdeldin
Article
  • 113 Downloads

Abstract

The activity concentrations of 226Ra, 228Ra and 222Rn were measured in 87 groundwater samples to estimate the activity concentrations of these radionuclides and health impact due to intake of these radionuclides in groundwater of Jordan. The mean activity concentrations of 226Ra, 228Ra and 222Rn in groundwater were found to be 0.293 ± 0.005 Bq L−1, 0.508 ± 0.009 Bq L−1 and 58.829 ± 8.824 Bq L−1, respectively. They give a mean annual effective dose of 0.481 mSv with mean lifetime risk of 24.599 × 10−4, exceeding the admissible limit of 10−4. Most of the received annual effective dose (59.15% of the total) is attributed to 228Ra.

Keywords

Radium Radon Groundwater Annual effective dose Health impact Jordan 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors would like to thank the Water Authority of Jordan, all the measurements and analysis were conducted at environmental isotopes section of water authority of Jordan. The authors would like to thank the ministry of higher education Malaysia (MOHE) and Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM) for support and funding under UTM Research university Grant; Q. J130000.2546.19H71.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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© Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest, Hungary 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Physics, Faculty of ScienceUniversiti Teknologi MalaysiaSkudai, Johore BahruMalaysia
  2. 2.Nuclear Engineering Programme, School of Chemical and Energy Engineering, Faculty of EngineeringUniversiti Teknologi MalaysiaSkudai, Johore BahruMalaysia
  3. 3.Water Authority of Jordan (WAJ)AmmanJordan

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