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Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry

, Volume 322, Issue 2, pp 377–387 | Cite as

Preparation of potassium niobium sulfide and its selective adsorption properties for Sr2+ and Co2+

  • Chengqiang LiangEmail author
  • Mingchun Jia
  • Xiaowei Wang
  • Zhihui Du
  • Jinfeng Men
  • Hao Ding
Article
  • 28 Downloads

Abstract

A novel metal sulfide: potassium niobium sulfide (KNbS) was prepared by hydrothermal method. The morphology and composition of KNbS were characterized by scanning electron microscopy and X-ray diffraction. It was confirmed that the adsorption process of KNbS was carried out by exchange reaction of K+ with Co2+ and Sr2+. The effects of pH, contact time, coexisting ions and initial concentration of strontium and cobalt on the adsorption of Sr2+ and Co2+ by KNbS were studied by static adsorption experiments. Thus, the optimal adsorption conditions of KNbS for Co2+ and Sr2+ were determined. The results show that KNbS has a greater affinity for Sr2+ and Co2+ than other coexisting ions. In addition, the adsorption mechanism was analyzed by kinetic, Weber–Morris, Boyd and isothermal models. It was revealed that the adsorption of Co2+ and Sr2+ by KNbS was chemical adsorption of monolayer and the intraparticle diffusion was the main rate-control step.

Keywords

Strontium Cobalt Adsorption Potassium niobium sulfide Kinetics Isotherm 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The work described in this paper was fully supported by a Grant from the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 51573208).

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Copyright information

© Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest, Hungary 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.College of Nuclear Science and TechnologyNaval University of EngineeringWuhanChina

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