Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry

, Volume 321, Issue 3, pp 985–996 | Cite as

Salvadora Persica branches biomass adsorbent for removal of uranium(VI) and thorium(IV) from aqueous solution: kinetics and thermodynamics study

  • Mazen K. NazalEmail author
  • Mohammad Al-Bayyari
  • Fawwaz I. Khalili


Adsorption isotherms of U(VI) and Th(IV) in water were obtained and removal kinetics was studied. The main functional groups on the surface of Salvadora Persica branches adsorbent were identified using a Fourier-transform infrared and the surface morphology of adsorbent was characterized by a Scanning Electron Microscope. Effects of the U(VI) and Th(IV) initial concentrations, contact time, the mass of adsorbent loading, pH of the solution were investigated at 25 ± 0.3 °C. The efficiencies with which this adsorbent removes U(VI) and Th(IV) from their solutions in water are reported. The adsorption isotherm fitted the Freundlich model. The adsorption of U(VI) and Th(IV) follows the pseudo-second order kinetic with squared correlation coefficients (R2) close to 1.0. The thermodynamic parameters (i.e. the free energy (\(\Delta G_{\text{ads}}^{o}\)), the enthalpy (\(\Delta H_{\text{ads}}^{o}\)) and the entropy of adsorption (\(\Delta S_{\text{ads}}^{o}\)) for the adsorption of U(VI) and Th(IV) on the Salvadora Persica branches adsorbent were reported.


Environment Radioactive elements Adsorption isotherms Removal efficiency Thermodynamic of adsorption 



The authors highly acknowledge the Center for Environment and Water (CEW) at King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals (KFUPM) for the support.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest, Hungary 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Center for Environment and Water, Research Institute, King Fahd University of Petroleum and MineralsDhahranSaudi Arabia
  2. 2.College of Science and Health Professions King Saud Bin Abdulaziz University for Health SciencesNational Guard Health AffairsJeddahSaudi Arabia
  3. 3.Department of Chemistry, Faculty of ScienceThe University of JordanAmmanJordan

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