Hydrogeochemical evolution and groundwater quality assessment in the Dake Lake Basin, Northwest China

  • Min Lyu
  • Zhonghe PangEmail author
  • Tianming Huang
  • Lihe Yin


This study aims to study hydrochemical characteristics and evolution of groundwater, and to assess suitability for human drinking in Dake Lake Basin, Northwest China. Hierarchical cluster analysis produces two geochemically distinct clusters, C1 and C2, which are dominated by Ca·Mg–HCO3 and Na–HCO3 type, respectively. C1 and C2 belong to shallow local and deep regional flow systems, respectively. Carbonate dissolution and ion exchange process dominate in C1 and C2, respectively. C1 groundwater is not suitable for human drinking due to relatively high NO3 contents caused by agricultural activities; while C2 groundwater is suitable for human consumption.


Groundwater flow system Hydrochemical evolution Geochemical process Hierarchical cluster analysis WQI Dake Lake Basin 



This research was funded by Hydrogeological Investigation at 1:50,000 scale in the lake-concentrated areas of the Northern Ordos Basin (Grant DD20160293), and the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grants 41727901 and 41672254). The authors thank Shuo Yang, Zhenbin Li, Tursun Gulbostan, Xiaohu Zhang, Jun Zhang, Xiaoyong Wang, Wuhui Jia, Tiangang Liu, Haixiang Li and Wenhao Xu for their assistance in field work. We also thank two anonymous reviews for their constructive comments and suggestions for improvement.


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Copyright information

© Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest, Hungary 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Key Laboratory of Shale Gas and Geoengineering, Institute of Geology and GeophysicsChineseAcademy of SciencesBeijingChina
  2. 2.University of Chinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina
  3. 3.Institutions of Earth ScienceChinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina
  4. 4.Xi’an Center of Geological SurveyGeological Survey ChinaXi’anChina
  5. 5.Key Laboratory for Groundwater and Ecology in Arid and Semi-arid Areas, Xi’an Center of Geological SurveyGeological Survey ChinaXi’anChina

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